アプリケーションノート 3287

White-LED Driver Provides 64-Step Logarithmic Dimming


要約: This circuit drives as many as four white LEDs in parallel from a 3.3V source, and adjusts the total LED current from 1mA to 106mA, in 64 steps of 1dB each.

The circuit of Figure 1 is designed for portable-power applications that require white LEDs with adjustable, logarithmic dimming levels. It drives as many as four white LEDs from a 3.3V source, and adjusts the total LED current from 1mA to 106mA in 64 steps of 1dB each. The driver is a charge pump that mirrors the current ISET (sourced from U3's SET terminal), to produce a current of (215ISET ±3%) through each LED. Internal circuitry maintains the SET terminal at 0.6V.

Figure 1. This circuit provides a logarithmic-dimming capability for white LEDs.
Figure 1. This circuit provides a logarithmic-dimming capability for white LEDs.

To control the LED brightness, op amp U2 monitors the difference between the high-side voltage and the wiper voltage of digital potentiometer U1. The op amp then multiplies that voltage by a gain to set the maximum output current. Zero resistance at the pot's W1 terminal corresponds to minimum LED current, and therefore minimum brightness. Because the SET voltage is fixed (at 0.6V), any voltage change at the left side of R5 changes ISET, and the resulting change in LED currents changes their brightness level. R5 sets the maximum LED current:

R5 = 215x0.6/ILED(Desired)

where ILED is the current through one LED.

U1 is a digital potentiometer with logarithmic taper and an analog-voltage wiper for which each tap corresponds to 1dB of attenuation between H1 and W1 (pins 11 and 9). It contains two pots controlled by a 16-bit code via a 3-wire serial interface. To set the LED current, drive RST-bar high and clock 16 bits into the D terminal of U1, starting with the LSB. Each pulse at CLK enters a bit into the register.

The circuit uses only one pot, so bits 0 through 7 are "don't care" bits. Bits 8 through 14 determine the wiper position: bits 8 through 13 set the code, and bit 14 is "mute." (Logic one at bit 14 produces the lowest-possible output current by setting the left side of R5 at approximately 0.599V.) After entering all 16 bits, enter the code and change the brightness level by driving RST-bar high. Figure 2 shows the logarithmic relationship between an LED current and the pot's input code.

Figure 2.  LED current vs. input code for the Figure 1 circuit.
Figure 2. LED current vs. input code for the Figure 1 circuit.

This design idea appeared in the June 10, 2004 issue of EDN magazine.

次のステップ
EE-Mail EE-Mail配信の登録申し込みをして、興味のある分野の最新ドキュメントに関する自動通知を受け取る。
Download ダウンロード、PDFフォーマット
© , Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.
このウェブサイトのコンテンツは米国および各国の著作権法によって保護されています。コンテンツの複製を希望される場合は お問い合わせください。.
APP 3287:
アプリケーションノート 3287,AN3287, AN 3287, APP3287, Appnote3287, Appnote 3287