The DS2151, DS2152, DS2153 and DS2154 SCT (Single Chip Transceivers) can be used in a non-intrusive line monitor application. Typical monitor ports are isolated from TIP and RING by 470Ω (T1) resistors as shown in Figure 1
. These isolation resistors along with the termination of the monitor (100Ω, T1) produce about 20 dB of resistive loss. Using a 1 to 4 step-up transformer, as shown in Figure 2
, will add about 12 dB of gain bringing the signal level up to a recoverable range. Note that the effective termination resistance is 1/16 of Rt in Figure 2 due to the transformer. Table 1 gives the Monitor circuit termination resistor values.
Figure 1. Typical monitor port.
Figure 2. Monitor.
The DS2152 and DS2154 have a mode in which 6 dB of flat gain can be added by setting the 02h bit in register TEST2.