Lakewood (MAXREFDES7#): 3.3V Input, ±12V (±15V) Output Isolated Power Supply
Abstract: This document details the Lakewood (MAXREFDES7#) subsystem reference design, a 3.3V input, ±12V (±15V) output, isolated power supply. The Lakewood reference design includes a 3W primary-side transformer H-bridge driver for isolated supplies, and two wide input range and adjustable output low dropout (LDO) linear regulators. Test results and hardware files are included.
The Lakewood design (MAXREFDES7#) uses an H-bridge transformer driver (MAX256) and a pair of low dropout (LDO) linear regulators (MAX1659 x2) to create a ±12V (±15V) output isolated power supply from a 3.3V voltage input (Figure 1). This general-purpose power solution can be used in many different types of isolated power applications, but is mainly targeted for industrial sensors, industrial automation, process control, and medical applications.|| |
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Figure 1. The Lakewood subsystem design block diagram.
- Isolated power
- ±12V (±15V) outputs
- Small printed circuit board (PCB) area
- Pmod™-compatible form factor
- Industrial sensors
- Process control
- Industrial automation
Detailed Description of Hardware
The Lakewood subsystem reference design operates from a 3.3V DC power source. The MAX256 H-bridge transformer driver switches at approximately 475kHz and drives the primary side of the 1:2.6 turns ratio, with the use of a TGM-H281NF transformer from Halo® Electronics. The transformer secondary side is connected to voltage doublers that rectify the AC outputs into DC outputs. Two MAX1659 LDOs regulate the voltages to +12V and -12V, respectively. The Zener diodes (D3 and D6) protect the LDOs by keeping their input voltages below 16.1V.
The input power can be from the J1 Pmod-compatible connector or from an external power supply connected to the EXT_+3.3V and DGND connectors. To change the output voltages of this reference design, simply change the feedback resistors (R2–R5) of the LDOs (U2 and U3).
The output voltage of the MAX1659 LDOs is set by the following equations:
VOUT = VSET × (1 + R2/R3) for U2
VOUT = VSET × (1 + R4/R5) for U3
Where VSET = 1.21V.
For example, for the ±15V outputs application, change R2 and R4 to 187kΩ, and change R3 and R5 to 16.2kΩ.
This circuit can also be configured for asymmetrical applications.
In applications sensitive to output voltage ripple, a lowpass LC pi filter can be added in front of the LDO input.
The isolation transformer in this design has an isolation voltage of 1500VRMS. It is recognized by UL 60950 and EN 60950 and falls into the "functional" insulation class.
- Lakewood (MAXREFDES7#) board
- 3.3V 1A power supply
- Two digital voltmeters
The Lakewood board is fully assembled and tested. Follow the steps below to verify board operation.
- Place the shunt on jumper JU1 to the 1–2 position.
- Connect the positive terminal of the power supply to the EXT_+3.3V connector.
- Connect the negative terminal of the power supply to the DGND connector.
- Connect the positive terminal of the first voltmeter to the +12V connector.
- Connect the negative terminal of the first voltmeter to the GND1 connector.
- Connect the positive terminal of the second voltmeter to the -12V connector.
- Connect the negative terminal of the second voltmeter to the GND2 connector.
- Turn on the power supply.
- Use the respective voltmeters to measure the corresponding positive and negative output voltages.
The Lakewood design was tested for two pairs of output voltage rails: ±12V and ±15V. Other voltage rails can be achieved by modifying the resistor values of R2, R3, R4, and R5. When set for ±12V outputs, the circuit can deliver a maximum load current of approximately 90mA for each of the two rails simultaneously. When set for ±15V outputs, the circuit can deliver a maximum load current of approximately 40mA for each of the two rails simultaneously.
To achieve a larger maximum load, the user can either increase the input power supply voltage or increase the transformer turns ratio properly. Refer to the MAX256 data sheet
for details. The power efficiencies are illustrated in Figure 2
and Figure 3
For asymmetrical voltage level applications, the maximum load can be larger for one rail and less for the other rail.
Figure 2. Power efficiency vs. current load for ±12V outputs.
Figure 3. Power efficiency vs. current load for ±15V outputs.
The output noise is well below 0.5% of the output voltages. The noise is mainly due to the switching pulses of the MAX256. Figure 4 and Figure 5 display the noise at no load for 12V and 15V outputs, respectively. Figure 6 and Figure 7 display the noise at the maximum loads for 12V and 15V outputs, respectively.
The noise on the negative rails is identical to the positive rails for symmetrical load applications.
Figure 4. Noise at VOUT = 12V, IOUT = 0mA.
Figure 5. Noise at VOUT = 15V, IOUT = 0mA.
Figure 6. Noise at VOUT = 12V, IOUT = 90mA.
Figure 7. Noise at VOUT = 15V, IOUT = 40mA.
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Halo is a registered trademark of Halo Electronics, Inc.
Pmod is a trademark of Digilent Inc.
|© Nov 06, 2012, Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.
APP 5510: Nov 06, 2012