MAX16127

Load-Dump/Reverse-Voltage Protection Circuits

Protect Power-Supply Inputs from Automotive Voltage Transients, Including Load Dump


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Description

The MAX16126/MAX16127 load-dump/reverse-voltage protection circuits protect power supplies from damaging input voltage conditions, including overvoltage, reverse-voltage, and high-voltage transient pulses. Using a built-in charge pump, the devices control two external back-to-back n-channel MOSFETs that turn off and isolate downstream power supplies during damaging input conditions, such as an automotive load-dump pulse or a reverse-battery condition. Operation is guaranteed down to 3V to ensure proper operation during automotive cold-crank conditions. These devices feature a flag output (active-low FLAG) that asserts during fault conditions.

For reverse-voltage protection, external back-to-back MOSFETs outperform the traditional reverse-battery diode, minimizing the voltage drop and power dissipation during normal operation.

The MAX16126/MAX16127 use external resistors to adjust the overvoltage and undervoltage comparator thresholds for maximum flexibility.

The MAX16127 provides limiter-mode fault management for overvoltage and thermal shutdown conditions; whereas the MAX16126 provides switch-mode fault management for overvoltage and thermal shutdown conditions. In the limiter mode, the output voltage is limited and active-low FLAG is asserted low during a fault. In the switch mode, the external MOSFETs are switched off and active-low FLAG is asserted low after a fault. The switch mode is available in four options: latch mode, 1 autoretry mode, 3 autoretry mode, and always autoretry mode.

The MAX16126/MAX16127 are available in 12-pin TQFN packages. These devices operate over the automotive temperature range (-40°C to +125°C).
MAX16126, MAX16127: Functional Diagram MAX16126, MAX16127: Functional Diagram Enlarge+

Key Features

  • Increases Protection of Sensitive Electronic Components in Harsh Environments
    • -36V to +90V Wide Input-Voltage Protection Range
    • Fast Gate Shutoff During Fault Conditions with Complete Load Isolation
    • Thermal-Shutdown Protection
    • Active-Low FLAG Output Identifies Fault Condition
  • AEC-Q100 Automotive Qualified
    • Operates Down to +3V, Riding Out Cold-Crank Conditions
    • -40°C to +125°C Operating Temperature Range
  • Integration Reduces Solution Size
    • Internal Charge-Pump Circuit Enhances External n-Channel MOSFETs
    • Adjustable Undervoltage/Overvoltage Thresholds
    • 3mm x 3mm, 12-Pin TQFN Package
  • Reduced Power Dissipation Compared to Discrete Solutions
    • Minimal Operating Voltage Drop for Reverse- Voltage Protection
    • 350µA (max) Supply Current and 100µA (max) Shutdown Current at 30V Input

Applications/Uses

  • Automotive
  • Avionics
  • Industrial
  • Telecom/Server/Networking
Part NumberChannelsVIN
(V)
VIN
(V)
Over Voltage Trip Level
(V)
Under Voltage Lockout
(V)
VGATE
(V)
Over Volt. FlagOper. Temp.
(°C)
Package/PinsBudgetary
Price
minmaxSee Notes
MAX16126 1390AdjustableAdjustable9Open-Drain-40 to +125
TQFN/12
$1.07 @1k
MAX16127 
TQFN/12
$1.26 @1k
See All Overvoltage Protection Controllers (77)
Pricing Notes:
This pricing is BUDGETARY, for comparing similar parts. Prices are in U.S. dollars and subject to change. Quantity pricing may vary substantially and international prices may differ due to local duties, taxes, fees, and exchange rates. For volume-specific and version-specific prices and delivery, please see the price and availability page or contact an authorized distributor.


MAX16126EVKIT: Evaluation Kits for the MAX16126 and MAX16127
MAX16127EVKIT: Evaluation Kits for the MAX16126 and MAX16127

Technical Documents

App Note 6093 Take the Edge Off High dV/dt Supplies

Quality and Environmental Data

Product Reliability Reports: MAX16127.pdf 
Lead-Free Package Tin (Sn) Whisker Reports

Additional Resources


Powering Through Faults on the Smart Grid


CAD Symbols and Footprints

  • MAX16127TC+
  • MAX16127TC+T
  • MAX16127TC/V+
  • MAX16127TC/V+T
  • Device   Fab Process   Technology   Sample size   Rejects   FIT at 25°C   FIT at 55°C  

    Note : The failure rates are summarized by technology and mapped to the associated material part numbers. The failure rates are highly dependent on the number of units tested.

    Quality Management System >
    Environmental Management System >

     
    Status:
    Package:
    Temperature:

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