3V to 12V, Current-Limiting, Hot Swap Controllers with Autoretry, DualSpeed/BiLevel Fault Protection

3V to 12V Hot Swap Controller with Latched Protection or Auto-Retry in 8-SO

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The MAX4271/MAX4272/MAX4273 comprise a complete family of integrated 3V to 12V hot-swap controllers. They allow the safe insertion and removal of circuit cards into live backplanes.

The discharged filter capacitors of the circuit card provide a low impedance to the live backplane. High in-rush currents from the backplane to the circuit card can burn up connectors and components, or momentarily collapse the backplane power supply leading to a system reset. This family of hot-swap controllers prevents such problems by regulating the current to a preset limit when the board is plugged in, allowing the system to stabilize safely. After the startup cycle is completed, two on-chip comparators provide DualSpeed/BiLevel™ protection against short circuits, load glitches, and overcurrent conditions. In the event of a fault condition, the load is disconnected. Fault recovery is handled by unlatching (MAX4271), autoretry (MAX4272), or programmed (MAX4273) methods.

The MAX4271 family includes many integrated features that reduce component count and design time. An on-board charge pump provides the gate drive for a low-cost, external n-FET. Integrated features like startup current regulation and current glitch protection eliminate external timing resistors and capacitors. Also featured are an open-drain status output to indicate a fault condition, and an adjustable overcurrent response time.

The MAX4271 (latched fault protection) and MAX4272 (autoretry fault protection) come in 8-pin SO packages. The MAX4273 (full function) comes in the space-saving 16-pin QSOP package and 16-pin SO package. All parts are specified across the extended temperature range, and have an absolute maximum rating of 15V to provide extra protection against inductive kickback during board removal.
MAX4271, MAX4272, MAX4273: Typical Operating Circuit MAX4271, MAX4272, MAX4273: Typical Operating Circuit Enlarge+

Key Features

  • Provide Safe Hot Swap for +3V to +12V Power Supplies with Few External Components
  • Unique Current Regulation Architecture Minimizes n-FET Linear Mode Duration
  • Autoretry Feature (MAX4272/MAX4273)
  • DualSpeed/BiLevel Current Limit Protects Against Current Glitches and Short Circuits
  • Power-On RESET (MAX4273)
  • 15V Absolute Maximum Rating Protects Against Inductive Kickbacks During Board Removal
  • Internal Charge Pump Generates Gate Drive for External n-MOSFET
  • Status Output Pin Indicates Fault/Safe Condition
  • Space-Saving 8-Pin SO, 16-Pin QSOP Packages


  • PBXs
  • RAID
  • Routers/Switches
  • Routers/Switches
  • Telecom
  • Wireless Base Stations
Part NumberVIN
Circuit Breaker/ Current LimitCircuit Breaker/Current Limit Threshold
Fault Condition ControlChannelsPositive/Negative RailFeaturesPackage/PinsBudgetary
minmaxSee Notes
MAX4271 2.713.2Current Limit50Latched Off1PositiveDualSpeed/BiLevel Current Limit
SOIC (N)/8
$2.89 @1k
MAX4272 Periodic Retry
SOIC (N)/8
$3.09 @1k
MAX4273 Programmable
SOIC (N)/16
$3.50 @1k
See All Hot Swap Controllers (49)
Pricing Notes:
This pricing is BUDGETARY, for comparing similar parts. Prices are in U.S. dollars and subject to change. Quantity pricing may vary substantially and international prices may differ due to local duties, taxes, fees, and exchange rates. For volume-specific and version-specific prices and delivery, please see the price and availability page or contact an authorized distributor.

MAX4273EVKIT: Evaluation Kit for the MAX4273

CAD Symbols and Footprints

  • MAX4272ESA+
  • MAX4272ESA+T
  • Device   Fab Process   Technology   Sample size   Rejects   FIT at 25°C   FIT at 55°C  

    Note : The failure rates are summarized by technology and mapped to the associated material part numbers. The failure rates are highly dependent on the number of units tested.

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