Quintuple/Triple-Output TFT LCD Power Supplies with Fault Protection and VCOM Buffer

Quintuple-/Triple-Output TFT LCD Power Supplies with Fault Protection and VCOM Buffer

Please check latest availability status for a specific part variant.


The MAX1997/MAX1998 provide the voltages required for active-matrix, thin-film transistor liquid-crystal displays (TFT LCDs). Both combine a high-performance step-up regulator with two linear-regulator controllers, input protection switch control, and flexible sequence programming. The MAX1997 contains two additional linear-regulator controllers and a VCOM buffer. The MAX1997/MAX1998 can operate from input supplies of 2.7V to 5.5V and feature multiple levels of protection circuitry, making them complete power-supply systems for displays.

The main DC-to-DC converter provides the regulated supply voltage for the display's source-driver ICs. The converter is a high-frequency (up to 1.5MHz) step-up regulator with an integrated 14V N-channel MOSFET that allows the use of ultra-small inductors and ceramic capacitors while achieving efficiencies over 85%. Its current-mode control architecture provides fast transient response to pulsed loads. Internal soft-start and cycle-by-cycle current limit help prevent input surge currents.

The positive and negative linear-regulator controllers postregulate charge-pump outputs for TFT gate-on and gate-off supplies. The three outputs can be sequenced in any order by selecting the appropriate external components. Both linear-regulator controllers, as well as the step-up regulator, have supply-sequencing control inputs.

The MAX1997 features a high-current backplane driver (VCOM). This buffer provides peak currents exceeding 300mA (typ) and requires only a 0.47µF output filter capacitor. The MAX1997's two additional linear-regulator controllers can be used to build the gamma reference voltage and a logic supply.

The MAX1997/MAX1998 have a unique input switch control that can replace the typical input supply fuse. When a fault is detected, the regulator is disconnected from the input supply. The fault detector monitors all the regulated output voltages and the current from the input supply. In addition, the MAX1997/MAX1998 enter shutdown when the internal overtemperature threshold is reached.

The MAX1997 is available in a 32-pin thin QFN package and the MAX1998 is available in a 20-pin thin QFN package. Both packages have a maximum thickness of 0.8mm suitable for ultra-thin LCD panels.
MAX1997: Pin Configuration MAX1997: Pin Configuration Enlarge+

Key Features

  • 2.7V to 5.5V Input Supply Range
  • Adjustable (Up to +13V) Output Voltage for Source-Driver ICs
  • Integrated High-Efficiency Power MOSFET
  • Linear-Regulator Controllers for TFT Gate-On and Gate-Off Supplies
  • High-Current VCOM Buffer (MAX1997 Only)
  • Two Additional Linear-Regulator Controllers (MAX1997 Only)
  • Programmable Power-Up Sequencing
  • Multiple Overload Protection with Thermal Shutdown
  • 1µA Shutdown Current
  • 32-Pin/20-Pin Thin QFN Packages
  • Applications/Uses

    • Car-Navigation Displays
    • LCD Monitors
    • Notebook Computer Displays

    See parametric specs for Multifunction PMICs (83)

    Part NumberVIN
    # Step-Up Outputs# Inverting Outputs# LDO Outputs
    MAX1997 2.75.5312

    Pricing Notes:
    This pricing is BUDGETARY, for comparing similar parts. Prices are in U.S. dollars and subject to change. Quantity pricing may vary substantially and international prices may differ due to local duties, taxes, fees, and exchange rates. For volume-specific and version-specific prices and delivery, please see the price and availability page or contact an authorized distributor.
    Request Reliability Report for: MAX1998 
    Device   Fab Process   Technology   Sample size   Rejects   FIT at 25°C   FIT at 55°C   Material Composition  

    Note : The failure rates are summarized by technology and mapped to the associated material part numbers. The failure rates are highly dependent on the number of units tested.

    Quality Management System >
    Environmental Management System >


    Related Resources