xDSL/Cable Modem Triple/Quintuple Output Power Supplies

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The MAX1864/MAX1865 power-supply controllers are designed to address cost-conscious applications such as cable modem Consumer Premise Equipment (CPE), xDSL CPE, and set-top boxes. Operating off a low-cost, unregulated DC supply (such as a wall adapter output), the MAX1864 generates three positive outputs, and the MAX1865 generates four positive outputs and one negative output to provide a cost-effective system power supply.

The MAX1864 includes a current-mode synchronous step-down controller and two positive regulator gain blocks. The MAX1865 has one additional positive gain block and one negative regulator gain block. The main synchronous step-down controller generates a high-current output that is preset to 3.3V or adjustable from 1.236V to 0.8 x VIN with an external resistive-divider. The 100kHz/200kHz operating frequency allows the use of low-cost aluminum-electrolytic capacitors and low-cost power magnetics. Additionally, the MAX1864/MAX1865 step-down controllers sense the voltage across the low-side MOSFET's on-resistance to efficiently provide the current-limit signal, eliminating the need for costly current-sense resistors.

The MAX1864/MAX1865 generate additional supply rails at low cost. The positive regulator gain blocks use an external PNP pass transistor to generate low-voltage rails directly from the main step-down converter (such as 2.5V or 1.8V from the main 3.3V output) or higher voltages using coupled windings from the step-down converter (such as 5V, 12V, or 15V). The MAX1865's negative gain block uses an external NPN pass transistor in conjunction with a coupled winding to generate -5V, -12V, or -15V.

All output voltages are externally adjustable, providing maximum flexibility. Additionally, the MAX1864/MAX1865 feature soft-start for the step-down converter and all the positive linear regulators, and have a power-good output that monitors all of the output voltages.
MAX1864, MAX1865: Typical Operating Circuit MAX1864, MAX1865: Typical Operating Circuit Enlarge+

Key Features

  • 4.5V to 28V Input Voltage Range
  • Master DC-DC Step-Down Converter
    • Preset 3.3V or Adjustable (1.236V to 0.8 x VIN) Output Voltage
    • Fixed-Frequency (100kHz/200kHz) PWM Controller
    • No Current-Sense Resistor
    • Adjustable Current Limit
    • 95% Efficient
  • Two (MAX1864)/Four (MAX1865) Analog Gain Blocks
    • Positive Analog Blocks Drive Low-Cost PNP Pass Transistors to Build Positive Linear Regulators
    • Negative Analog Block (MAX1865) Drives a Low-Cost NPN Pass Transistor to Build a Negative Linear Regulator
  • Power-Good Indicator
  • Soft-Start Ramp for All Positive Regulators


  • Set-Top Boxes
  • Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
  • xDSL, Cable, and ISDN Modems

See parametric specs for Multifunction PMICs (83)

Part NumberVIN
Step-Up OutputsLDO Outputs
MAX1864 4.52812

Pricing Notes:
This pricing is BUDGETARY, for comparing similar parts. Prices are in U.S. dollars and subject to change. Quantity pricing may vary substantially and international prices may differ due to local duties, taxes, fees, and exchange rates. For volume-specific and version-specific prices and delivery, please see the price and availability page or contact an authorized distributor.
Product Reliability Reports: MAX1864.pdf 
Device   Fab Process   Technology   Sample size   Rejects   FIT at 25°C   FIT at 55°C   Material Composition  

Note : The failure rates are summarized by technology and mapped to the associated material part numbers. The failure rates are highly dependent on the number of units tested.

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