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Current-Mode PWM Controllers with Programmable Switching Frequency

Isolated/Nonisolated Current-Mode PWM Controllers in Tiny 10-Pin µMAX Packages with Adjustable Frequency from 12.5kHz to 625kHz

Product Details

The MAX17499/MAX17500 current-mode PWM controllers contain all the control circuitry required for the design of wide-input-voltage isolated and nonisolated power supplies. The MAX17499 is well suited for low input voltage (9.5V DC to 24V DC) power supplies. The MAX17500 is well suited for universal input (rectified 85V AC to 265V AC) or telecom (-36V DC to -72V DC) power supplies.

The ICs contain an internal error amplifier that regulates the tertiary winding output voltage that is used in primary-side-regulated isolated power supplies. Primary-side regulation eliminates the need for an optocoupler. An input undervoltage lockout (UVLO) is provided for programming the input-supply start voltage and to ensure proper operation during brownout conditions. An open-drain UVLO flag output, with 210μs internal delay, allows the sequencing of a secondary-side controller. The input-supply start voltage is externally programmable with a voltage-divider. A UVLO/EN input is used to shut down the devices. Internal digital soft-start eliminates output voltage overshoot.

The MAX17500 has an internal bootstrap UVLO with large hysteresis that requires a minimum 23.6V for startup. The MAX17499 does not have the internal bootstrap UVLO and can be biased directly from a minimum voltage of 9.5V.

The switching frequency for the ICs is programmable with an external resistor. The MAX17499A/MAX17500A provide a 50% maximum duty-cycle limit, while the MAX17499B/MAX17500B provide a 75% maximum duty-cycle limit. These devices are available in 10-pin µMAX® packages and are rated for operation over the -40°C to +125°C temperature range.

Key Features

  • Current-Mode Control
  • Programmable Switching Frequency Up to 625kHz
  • Accurate UVLO Threshold (1%)
  • Open-Drain UVLO Flag Output with Internal Delay
  • 36V to 72V Telecom Voltage Range
  • Universal Offline Input Voltage Range
    • Rectified 85V AC to 265V AC (MAX17500)
  • 9.5V to 24V Input (MAX17499)
  • Digital Soft-Start
  • Internal Bootstrap UVLO with Large Hysteresis (MAX17500)
  • Internal Error Amplifier with 1.5% Accurate Reference
  • 50μA (typ) Startup Supply Current
  • 50% Maximum Duty-Cycle Limit (MAX17499A/MAX17500A)
  • 75% Maximum Duty-Cycle Limit (MAX17499B/MAX17500B)
  • 60ns Cycle-by-Cycle Current-Limit Propagation Delay
  • Available in Tiny 10-Pin µMAX Packages

Applications/Uses

  • 1/2, 1/4, and 1/8 Brick Power Modules
  • 12V Boost and SEPIC Regulators
  • High-Efficiency, Isolated Telecom Power Supplies
  • Industrial Power Conversion
  • Isolated and Nonisolated High-Brightness LED
  • Isolated Keep-Alive Power Supplies
  • Networking/Servers
  • Power Supplies
Parametric specs for Isolated Power Supplies
VIN (V) (min) 21.6
VIN (V) (max) 1000
Topology Flyback
Application (VIN) Networking (48V)
Power Over Ethernet (32-58V)
Telecom (36-72V)
Universal Off-line (90-240VAC)
Control Loop Current Mode
Feedback Linear
Opto
Primary Side
Switching Frequency (kHz) 625
Duty Cycle (%) (max) 75
Oper. Temp. (°C) -40 to +125
Package/Pins UMAX/10
Budgetary
Price (See Notes)
$1.10 @1k
Parametric specs for Step-Up Switching Regulators
VIN (V) (min) 9.5
VIN (V) (max) 24
VOUT1 (V) (min) 1.23
VOUT1 (V) (max) 400
IOUT1 (A) (max) 10
Switch Type External
Output Adjust. Method Resistor
Power Good Signal Yes
ICC (mA) (typ) 2
Shutdown Mode Supply Current (µA) (typ) 50
Shutdown Mode Supply Current (µA) (max) 90
# DC-DC Outputs 1
Switching Frequency (kHz) 625
Package/Pins UMAX/10
Budgetary
Price (See Notes)
$1.10 @1k
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Simplified Block Diagram

MAX17499, MAX17500: Typical Application Circuit MAX17499, MAX17500: Typical Application Circuit Zoom icon

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Parameters

Parametric specs for Isolated Power Supplies
VIN (V) (min) 21.6
VIN (V) (max) 1000
Topology Flyback
Application (VIN) Networking (48V)
Power Over Ethernet (32-58V)
Telecom (36-72V)
Universal Off-line (90-240VAC)
Control Loop Current Mode
Feedback Linear
Opto
Primary Side
Switching Frequency (kHz) 625
Duty Cycle (%) (max) 75
Oper. Temp. (°C) -40 to +125
Package/Pins UMAX/10
Budgetary
Price (See Notes)
$1.10 @1k
Parametric specs for Step-Up Switching Regulators
VIN (V) (min) 9.5
VIN (V) (max) 24
VOUT1 (V) (min) 1.23
VOUT1 (V) (max) 400
IOUT1 (A) (max) 10
Switch Type External
Output Adjust. Method Resistor
Power Good Signal Yes
ICC (mA) (typ) 2
Shutdown Mode Supply Current (µA) (typ) 50
Shutdown Mode Supply Current (µA) (max) 90
# DC-DC Outputs 1
Switching Frequency (kHz) 625
Package/Pins UMAX/10
Budgetary
Price (See Notes)
$1.10 @1k

Key Features

  • Current-Mode Control
  • Programmable Switching Frequency Up to 625kHz
  • Accurate UVLO Threshold (1%)
  • Open-Drain UVLO Flag Output with Internal Delay
  • 36V to 72V Telecom Voltage Range
  • Universal Offline Input Voltage Range
    • Rectified 85V AC to 265V AC (MAX17500)
  • 9.5V to 24V Input (MAX17499)
  • Digital Soft-Start
  • Internal Bootstrap UVLO with Large Hysteresis (MAX17500)
  • Internal Error Amplifier with 1.5% Accurate Reference
  • 50μA (typ) Startup Supply Current
  • 50% Maximum Duty-Cycle Limit (MAX17499A/MAX17500A)
  • 75% Maximum Duty-Cycle Limit (MAX17499B/MAX17500B)
  • 60ns Cycle-by-Cycle Current-Limit Propagation Delay
  • Available in Tiny 10-Pin µMAX Packages

Applications/Uses

  • 1/2, 1/4, and 1/8 Brick Power Modules
  • 12V Boost and SEPIC Regulators
  • High-Efficiency, Isolated Telecom Power Supplies
  • Industrial Power Conversion
  • Isolated and Nonisolated High-Brightness LED
  • Isolated Keep-Alive Power Supplies
  • Networking/Servers
  • Power Supplies

Description

The MAX17499/MAX17500 current-mode PWM controllers contain all the control circuitry required for the design of wide-input-voltage isolated and nonisolated power supplies. The MAX17499 is well suited for low input voltage (9.5V DC to 24V DC) power supplies. The MAX17500 is well suited for universal input (rectified 85V AC to 265V AC) or telecom (-36V DC to -72V DC) power supplies.

The ICs contain an internal error amplifier that regulates the tertiary winding output voltage that is used in primary-side-regulated isolated power supplies. Primary-side regulation eliminates the need for an optocoupler. An input undervoltage lockout (UVLO) is provided for programming the input-supply start voltage and to ensure proper operation during brownout conditions. An open-drain UVLO flag output, with 210μs internal delay, allows the sequencing of a secondary-side controller. The input-supply start voltage is externally programmable with a voltage-divider. A UVLO/EN input is used to shut down the devices. Internal digital soft-start eliminates output voltage overshoot.

The MAX17500 has an internal bootstrap UVLO with large hysteresis that requires a minimum 23.6V for startup. The MAX17499 does not have the internal bootstrap UVLO and can be biased directly from a minimum voltage of 9.5V.

The switching frequency for the ICs is programmable with an external resistor. The MAX17499A/MAX17500A provide a 50% maximum duty-cycle limit, while the MAX17499B/MAX17500B provide a 75% maximum duty-cycle limit. These devices are available in 10-pin µMAX® packages and are rated for operation over the -40°C to +125°C temperature range.

Simplified Block Diagram

MAX17499, MAX17500: Typical Application Circuit MAX17499, MAX17500: Typical Application Circuit Zoom icon

Technical Docs

Support & Training

Search our knowledge base for answers to your technical questions.

Filtered Search

Our dedicated team of Applications Engineers are also available to answer your technical questions. Visit our support portal