Simplified Block Diagram
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- 3- or 4-Series Li+ Battery Packs
In case of a fault condition, on-board drivers control external P-channel MOSFETs, which disconnect the cells from the pack external terminals. The external protection MOSFETs are connected in a common-source configuration that does not require external pullup resistors. The MAX1894/MAX1924 use only one current-sense resistor to achieve the protection features. All protection thresholds and delays do not require any external components and are trimmed at the factory.
If any cell voltage drops below the undervoltage threshold, the MAX1894/MAX1924 disconnect the pack from the load and power down to prevent deep discharge of the pack. The MAX1894/MAX1924 offer a trickle-charge feature, which provides a low-current path to safely charge a deeply discharged pack. The MAX1894/ MAX1924 also have two logic-level inputs, which can be used by a microcontroller to disable the protection MOSFETs and to put the device in shutdown. The MAX1894/MAX1924 have low quiescent current (30µA typ) and ultra-low shutdown current (0.8µA typ) to prevent deep-cell discharge.
The MAX1894X is designed for 4-series battery packs, without hysteresis on the protection thresholds. The MAX1924V and MAX1924X include hysteresis for the 3- and 4-series packs, respectively.