±15kV ESD-Protected, Slew-Rate-Limited, Low-Power, RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers

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The MAX481E, MAX483E, MAX485E, MAX487E- MAX491E, and MAX1487E are low-power transceivers for RS-485 and RS-422 communications in harsh environments. Each driver output and receiver input is protected against ±15kV electro-static discharge (ESD) shocks, without latchup. These parts contain one driver and one receiver. The MAX483E, MAX487E, MAX488E, and MAX489E feature reduced slew-rate drivers that minimize EMI and reduce reflections caused by improperly terminated cables, thus allowing error-free data transmission up to 250kbps. The driver slew rates of the MAX481E, MAX485E, MAX490E, MAX491E, and MAX1487E are not limited, allowing them to transmit up to 2.5Mbps.

These transceivers draw as little as 120µA supply current when unloaded or when fully loaded with disabled drivers (see Selector Guide). Additionally, the MAX481E, MAX483E, and MAX487E have a low-current shutdown mode in which they consume only 0.5µA. All parts operate from a single +5V supply.

Drivers are short-circuit current limited, and are protected against excessive power dissipation by thermal shutdown circuitry that places their outputs into a high-impedance state. The receiver input has a fail-safe feature that guarantees a logic-high output if the input is open circuit.

The MAX487E and MAX1487E feature quarter-unit-load receiver input impedance, allowing up to 128 transceivers on the bus. The MAX488E-MAX491E are designed for full-duplex communications, while the MAX481E, MAX483E, MAX485E, MAX487E, and MAX1487E are designed for half-duplex applications. For applications that are not ESD sensitive see the pinand function-compatible MAX481, MAX483, MAX485, MAX487-MAX491, and MAX1487.
MAX1487E, MAX481E, MAX483E, MAX485E, MAX487E, MAX488E, MAX489E, MAX490E, MAX491E: Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit MAX1487E, MAX481E, MAX483E, MAX485E, MAX487E, MAX488E, MAX489E, MAX490E, MAX491E: Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit Enlarge+

Key Features

  • For Fault-Tolerant Applications:
    MAX3430: ±80V Fault-Protected, Fail-Safe, 1/4- Unit Load, +3.3V, RS-485 Transceiver MAX3080-MAX3089: Fail-Safe, High-Speed (10Mbps), Slew-Rate-Limited, RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
  • For Space-Constrained Applications:
    MAX3460-MAX3464: +5V, Fail-Safe, 20Mbps, Profibus, RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers MAX3362: +3.3V, High-Speed, RS-485/RS-422 Transceiver in a SOT23 Package MAX3280E-MAX3284E: ±15kV ESD-Protected, 52Mbps, +3V to +5.5V, SOT23, RS-485/RS-422 True Fail-Safe Receivers MAX3030E-MAX3033E: ±15kV ESD-Protected, +3.3V, Quad RS-422 Transmitters
  • For Multiple Transceiver Applications:
    MAX3293/MAX3294/MAX3295: 20Mbps, +3.3V, SOT23, RS-485/RS-422 Transmitters
  • For Fail-Safe Applications:
    MAX3440E-MAX3444E: ±15kV ESD-Protected, ±60V Fault-Protected, 10Mbps, Fail-Safe RS-485/J1708 Transceivers
  • For Low-Voltage Applications:
    MAX3483E/MAX3485E/MAX3486E/MAX3488E/ MAX3490E/MAX3491E: +3.3V Powered, ±15kV ESD-Protected, 12Mbps, Slew-Rate-Limited, True RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers


  • Industrial-Control Local Area Networks
  • Level Translators
  • Low-Power RS-422 Transceivers
  • Low-Power RS-485 Transceivers
  • Transceivers for EMI-Sensitive Applications
Part NumberTx/RxDuplexVSUPPLY
Data Rate
ESD Protect.
Tx ENRx ENICC (Shutdn.)
Rx/Tx on BusRx Failsafe w/ InputsSlew Rate LimitingOper. Temp.
typmintypSee Notes
MAX1487E 1Tx + 1RxHalf50.3250015YesYes-128OpenNo
-40 to +85
0 to +70
SOIC (N)/8
$2.03 @1k
MAX481E Half0.52500YesYes0.532
SOIC (N)/8
$1.97 @1k
MAX483E Half0.35250YesYes0.532
SOIC (N)/8
$1.97 @1k
MAX485E Half0.52500YesYes-32
SOIC (N)/8
$1.97 @1k
MAX487E Half0.25250YesYes0.5128
SOIC (N)/8
$1.97 @1k
MAX488E Full0.12250NoNo-32
SOIC (N)/8
$1.97 @1k
MAX489E Full0.12250YesYes-32
SOIC (N)/14
$2.02 @1k
MAX490E Full0.32500NoNo-32
SOIC (N)/8
$1.97 @1k
MAX491E Full0.32500YesYes-32
SOIC (N)/14
$1.97 @1k
See All RS-485/RS-422 Line Driver/Receivers (204)
Pricing Notes:
This pricing is BUDGETARY, for comparing similar parts. Prices are in U.S. dollars and subject to change. Quantity pricing may vary substantially and international prices may differ due to local duties, taxes, fees, and exchange rates. For volume-specific and version-specific prices and delivery, please see the price and availability page or contact an authorized distributor.

CAD Symbols and Footprints

  • MAX485ECPA+
  • MAX485ECSA+
  • MAX485ECSA+T
  • MAX485ECSA-T
  • MAX485ECUA
  • MAX485ECUA-T
  • MAX485EEPA+
  • MAX485EEPA+G104
  • MAX485EESA+
  • MAX485EESA+T
  • MAX485EESA-T
  • MAX485EPA
  • MAX485EPA+
  • MAX485ESA
  • MAX485ESA+
  • MAX485ESA+T
  • MAX485ESA-T
  • Device   Fab Process   Technology   Sample size   Rejects   FIT at 25°C   FIT at 55°C  

    Note : The failure rates are summarized by technology and mapped to the associated material part numbers. The failure rates are highly dependent on the number of units tested.

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