iButton Monetary Device with SHA-1 Function
DescriptionThe iButton® monetary device (DS1963S) with SHA-1 Function is a rugged 4kbit read/write data carrier that can be easily accessed with minimal hardware. Its NV memory acts as a localized database for public as well as protected data belonging to the owner of the device and the environment in which it is used. An integrated 512-bit SHA-1 engine can be activated to compute 160-bit message authentication codes (MAC) based on information stored in the device. Data is transferred serially via the 1-Wire® protocol, which requires only a single data lead and a ground return. Using the TMEX™ file format (see Application Note 114) a single DS1963S can serve up to four independent applications, such as secure change purses for electronic payment at local transit systems, pay phones, parking systems or vending machines. The DS1963S is also intended to function as a coprocessor that assists the host in computing signatures, using a secure signing secret, when writing back the new balance to a roaming device after a purchase.
The DS1963S, like other SRAM-based iButton devices, has an additional memory area called the scratchpad that acts as a buffer when writing to the main memory. The DS1963's scratchpad is also used for feeding data segments to the SHA-1 engine or receiving/comparing message authentication codes.
Data is first written to the scratchpad from where it can be read back. After the data has been verified, a copy scratchpad command will transfer the data to main memory. This process ensures data integrity in an environment that does not provide a reliable electric contact.
Each DS1963S has its own 64-bit ROM registration number that is factory lasered into the chip inside to provide a guaranteed unique identity for absolute traceability. The durable MicroCan package is highly resistant to environmental hazards such as dirt, moisture, and shock. Its compact coin-shaped profile is self-aligning with mating receptacles, allowing the DS1963S to be easily used by human operators. Accessories permit the DS1963S to be mounted on almost any surface including plastic key fobs, photo-ID badges and printed circuit boards.
Key FeaturesSpecial Features
- 4096 bits of read/write nonvolatile (NV) memory organized as 16 pages of 256 bits each
- Eight memory pages with individual 64-bit secrets and 32-bit read-only nonrolling-over page write-cycle counters
- Secrets are write-only and have their own individual write-cycle counters
- On-chip 512-bit SHA-1 (FIPS 180-1, ISO/IEC 10118-3) engine to compute a 160-bit Message Authentication Codes (MAC) and generate page secrets
- Device can operate as a roaming iButton device or as coprocessor for a host computer
- 256-bit scratchpad ensures integrity of data transfer
- On-chip 16-bit CRC generator for safeguarding data transfers
- Overdrive mode boosts communication speed to 125kbps
- Operating temperature range from -40°C to +85°C
- Over 10 years of data retention
- Unique, factory-lasered and tested 64-bit registration number (8-bit family code + 48-bit serial number + 8-bit CRC tester) assures absolute traceability because no two parts are alike
- Multidrop controller for MicroLAN
- Digital identification and information by momentary contact
- Chip-based data carrier compactly stores information
- Data can be accessed while affixed to object
- Economically communicates to host with a single digital signal at 15.4kbps
- Standard 16mm diameter and 1-Wire protocol ensure compatibility with iButton family of devices
- For Electronic Payment at Local Transit Systems, Pay Phones, Parking Systems, or Vending Machines
- Photo ID Badges
- Printed circuit boards
Technical DocumentsBrochure 7011 iButton Data Loggers
App Note 5507 Understanding the DS1WM Synthesizable 1-Wire Bus Master
App Note 5485 Understanding the DSSHA1 Synthesizable SHA-1 Coprocessor
App Note 4421 Alternatives to the DS1991L MultiKey iButton®
App Note 3967 Selecting a Serial Bus
App Note 3808 What Is an iButton Device?
App Note 3676 DS2460 in a SHA-1 Secure System
App Note 3675 Protect Your R&D Investment with Secure Authentication
App Note 3522 White Paper 9: Are SHA-1 Devices Still Secure Enough?
App Note 1820 White Paper 1: SHA Devices Used in Small Cash Systems
App Note 1770 Securing Electronic Transactions Using SHA-1 Secure Hash Algorithm
App Note 1100 White Paper 5: Using 1-Wire APIs for Data Sheet Commands
App Note 1099 White Paper 4: Glossary of 1-Wire SHA-1 Terms
App Note 1098 White Paper 3: Why are 1-Wire SHA-1 Devices Secure?
App Note 1097 White Paper 2: Using the 1-Wire® Public Domain Kit
Reference Schematic 244 Advanced 1-Wire Network Driver
App Note 192 Using the DS2480B Serial 1-Wire® Line Driver
App Note 190 Challenge and Response with 1-Wire® SHA Devices
App Note 187 1-Wire Search Algorithm
App Note 159 Software Methods to Achieve Robust 1-Wire® Communication in iButton® Applications
App Note 157 SHA iButton API Overview
App Note 156 DS1963S SHA 1-Wire API Users Guide
App Note 155 1-Wire Software Resource Guide Device Description
App Note 154 Passwords in SHA Authentication
App Note 152 SHA iButton Secrets and Challenges
App Note 151 Maxim Digital Monetary Certificates
App Note 150 Small Message Encryption using SHA Devices
App Note 126 1-Wire Communication Through Software
App Note 74 Reading and Writing 1-Wire® Devices Through Serial Interfaces
App Note 27 Understanding and Using Cyclic Redundancy Checks with Maxim 1-Wire and iButton Products
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