Power-Line Communications (PLC) Integrated Analog Front-End Transceiver

State-of-the-Art Power-Line Communications Analog Front-End for Use in the 10kHz to 490kHz Frequency Range

Please check latest availability status for a specific part variant.


The MAX2991 power-line communication analog front-end (AFE) is a state-of-the-art integrated circuit that delivers high integration and superb performance, while reducing the total system cost. The MAX2991 is the first AFE specifically designed for OFDM (orthogonal frequency division multiplexing) modulated signal transmission over power lines. Operating in the 10kHz to 490kHz band, the programmable filters allow compliance with CENELEC, FCC, and ARIB standards using the same device.

The MAX2991 transceiver provides two main paths: transmit (Tx) path and receive (Rx) path. The transmit path injects an OFDM modulated signal into the AC or DC line. The transmit path is composed of a digital IIR filter, digital-to-analog converter (DAC), followed by a lowpass filter, and a preline driver. The receiver path is for the signal enhancement, filtering, and digitization of the received signal. The receiver is composed of a lowpass and a highpass filter, a two-stage automatic gain control (AGC), and an analog-to-digital converter (ADC). The integrated AGC maximizes the dynamic range of the signal up to 60dB, while the lowpass filter removes any out-of-band noise, and selects the desired frequency band. The ADC converts the enhanced and amplified input signal to a digital format. An integrated offset cancellation loop minimizes the DC offset.

The MAX2991, along with the MAX2990 PLC baseband modem, delivers the most cost-effective data communication solution over power-line networks in the market. The MAX2991 is specified over the -40°C to +85°C temperature range and is available in a 48-pin LQFP package.
MAX2991: Block Diagram MAX2991: Block Diagram Enlarge+

Key Features

  • Optimized to Operate with the MAX2990 PLC Baseband
  • Integrated Band Select Filter, AGC, and 10-Bit ADC for Rx Path
  • Integrated Wave-Shaping Filter, Programmable Predriver Gain, and 10-Bit DAC for Tx Path
  • Variable Sampling Rate Up to 1.2Msps
  • Built-In 60dB Dynamic Range AGC and DC Offset Cancellation
  • Programmable Filters Operate in the CENELEC, FCC, and ARIB Frequency Bands
  • Single 3.3V Power Supply
  • 70mA Typical Supply Current (Half-Duplex Mode)
  • Extended Operating Temperature Range


  • Automatic Meter Reading
  • Building Automation
  • Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC)
  • Home Automation
  • Industrial Automation
  • Lighting Control
  • Remote Monitoring and Control
  • Security Systems/Keyless Entry
  • Sensor Control and Data Acquisition
  • Smart Grid

See parametric specs for Powerline Communications (7)

Part NumberFrequency BandData Rate
ComplianceInterfaceCompatibilityFunctionsPackage/PinsOper. Temp.
MAX2991 10kHz to 490kHz0.1
Seamless Interface to Digital PHY ICsG3-PLCNarrowband AFE
-40 to +85

Pricing Notes:
This pricing is BUDGETARY, for comparing similar parts. Prices are in U.S. dollars and subject to change. Quantity pricing may vary substantially and international prices may differ due to local duties, taxes, fees, and exchange rates. For volume-specific and version-specific prices and delivery, please see the price and availability page or contact an authorized distributor.

MAX2990EVKIT: Evaluation Kit for the MAX2990 and MAX2991
Product Reliability Reports: MAX2991.pdf 
Device   Fab Process   Technology   Sample size   Rejects   FIT at 25°C   FIT at 55°C   Material Composition  

Note : The failure rates are summarized by technology and mapped to the associated material part numbers. The failure rates are highly dependent on the number of units tested.

Quality Management System >
Environmental Management System >


Related Resources