3 Volt/5 Volt Serialized Real Time Clock with NV RAM Control

Please check latest availability status for a specific part variant.


The DS1689/DS1693 is a real time clock (RTC) designed as a successor to the industry standard DS1285, DS1385, DS1485, and DS1585 PC real time clocks. This device provides the industry standard DS1285 clock function with the new feature of either +3.0 or +5.0V operation and automatic backup and write protection to an external SRAM. The DS1689 also incorporates a number of enhanced features including a silicon serial number, power-on/off control circuitry, and 114 bytes of user NVSRAM, power-on elapsed timer, and power cycle counter.

Each DS1689/DS1693 is individually manufactured with a unique 64-bit serial number as well as an additional 64-bit customer specific ROM or serial number. The serial number is programmed and tested at Dallas to insure that no two devices are a like. The serial number can be used to electronically identify a system for purposes such as establishment of a network node address or for maintenance tracking. Blocks of available numbers from Dallas Semiconductor can be reserved by the customer.

The serialized RTCs also incorporate power control circuitry, which allows the system to be powered on via an external stimulus, such as a keyboard or by a time and date (wake-up) alarm. The PWR output pin can be triggered by one or either of these events, and can be used to turn on an external power supply. The PWR pin is under software control, so that when a task is complete, the system power can then be shut down.

The DS1689/DS1693 incorporates a power-on elapsed time counter, a power-on cycle counter, and a battery powered continuous counter. These three counters provide valuable information for maintenance and warranty requirements.

Automatic backup and write protection for an external SRAM is provided through the VCCO and CEO pins. The lithium energy source used to permanently power the real time clock is also used to retain RAM data in the absence of VCC power through the VCCO pin. The chip enable output to RAM (CEO) is controlled during power transients to prevent data corruption.

The DS1689 is a clock/calendar chip with the features described above. An external crystal and battery are the only components required to maintain time-of-day and memory status in the absence of power. The DS1693 incorporates the DS1689 chip, a 32.768 kHz crystal, and a lithium battery in a complete, self-contained timekeeping module. The entire unit is fully tested at Dallas Semiconductor such that a minimum of 10 years of timekeeping and data retention in the absence of VCC is guaranteed.
DS1689, DS1693: Block Diagram DS1689, DS1693: Block Diagram Enlarge+

Key Features

Incorporates industry standard DS1287 PC clock plus enhanced features:
  • +3- or +5V operation
  • 64-bit silicon serial number
  • 64-bit customer specific ROM or additional serial number available
  • Power control circuitry supports system power-on from date/time alarm or key closure
  • Automatic battery backup and write protection to external SRAM
  • Crystal select bit allows RTC to operate with 6pF or 12.5pF crystal
  • 114 bytes user NV RAM
  • Auxiliary battery input
  • RAM clear input
  • Century register
  • 32kHz output for power management
  • 32-bit VCC powered elapsed time counter
  • 32-bit VBAT powered elapsed time counter
  • 16-bit power cycle counter
  • Compatible with existing BIOS for original DS1287 functions
  • Available as IC (DS1689) or standalone module with embedded battery and crystal (DS1693)
  • IC is available in industrial temperature version
  • Timekeeping algorithm includes leap year compensation valid up to 2100

Technical Documents

App Note 499 Using the Multiplex Bus RTC Extended Features

Quality and Environmental Data

Product Reliability Reports: DS1693.pdf 
Lead-Free Package Tin (Sn) Whisker Reports

Additional Resources

RTC Calculator
Device   Fab Process   Technology   Sample size   Rejects   FIT at 25°C   FIT at 55°C  

Note : The failure rates are summarized by technology and mapped to the associated material part numbers. The failure rates are highly dependent on the number of units tested.

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