Low-Power, Serial, 14-Bit DACs with Force-Sense Voltage-Output

Best 14-Bit DACs Minimize Power-Up Glitch and Have 1LSB INL

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The MAX5171/MAX5173 low-power, serial, voltage-output, 14-bit digital-to-analog converters (DACs) feature a precision output amplifier in a space-saving 16-pin QSOP package. The MAX5171 operates from a +5V single supply, and the MAX5173 operates from a +3V single supply. The output amplifier's inverting input is available to allow specific gain configurations, remote sensing, and high output current capability. This makes the MAX5171/ MAX5173 ideal for a wide range of applications, including industrial process control. Both devices draw only 260µA of supply current, which reduces to 1µA in shutdown mode. In addition, the programmable power-up reset feature allows for a user-selectable output voltage of either 0 or midscale.

The 3-wire serial interface is compatible with SPI™, QSPI™, and MICROWIRE™ standards. An input register followed by a DAC register provides a double-buffered input, allowing the input and DAC registers to be updated independently or simultaneously with a 16-bit serial word. Additional features include software and hardware shutdown, shutdown lockout, a hardware clear pin, and a reference input capable of accepting DC and offset AC signals. These devices provide a programmable digital output pin for added functionality and a serial-data output pin for daisy-chaining. All logic inputs are TTL/CMOS-compatible and are internally buffered with Schmitt triggers to allow direct interfacing to optocouplers.

The MAX5171/MAX5173 incorporate a proprietary on-chip circuit that keeps the output voltage virtually "glitch free," limiting the glitches to a few millivolts during power-up. Both devices are available in 16-pin QSOP packages and are specified for the extended (-40°C to +85°C) temperature range. The MAX5171/MAX5173 are pin-compatible upgrades to the 12-bit MAX5175/MAX5177. For 100% pin-compatible DACs with an internal reference, see the 13-bit MAX5132/MAX5133 and the 12-bit MAX5122/MAX5123 data sheets.
MAX5171, MAX5173: Functional Block Diagram MAX5171, MAX5173: Functional Block Diagram Enlarge+

Key Features

  • ±1 LSB INL
  • 1µA Shutdown Current
  • "Glitch Free" Output Voltage at Power-Up
  • Single-Supply Operation:
    • +5V (MAX5171)
    • +3V (MAX5173)
  • Full-Scale Output Range:
    • +2.048V (MAX5173, VREF = +1.25V)
    • +4.096V (MAX5171, VREF = +2.5V )
  • Rail-to-Rail Output Amplifier
  • Low THD (-80dB) in Multiplying Operation
  • SPI/QSPI/MICROWIRE-Compatible 3-Wire Serial Interface
  • Programmable Shutdown Mode and Power-Up Reset
  • Buffered Output Capable of Driving 5kΩ || 100pF Loads
  • User-Programmable Digital Output Pin Allows Serial Control of External Components
  • Pin-Compatible Upgrade to the 12-Bit MAX5175/MAX5177


  • µP-Controlled Systems
  • Automated Test Equipment (ATE)
  • Digital Gain and Offset Control
  • Digitally Programmable 4mA–20mA Current Loops
  • Industrial Process Controls
  • Motion Control
  • Remote Industrial Controls

See parametric specs for Precision DACs (247)

Part NumberResolution
# ChannelsOutput TypeReferenceINL
InterfaceSupply Range
Supply Range
Settling Time
Package/PinsOper. Temp.
(max)(min)(max)(max)(typ)(See Notes)
MAX5171 141Voltage- BufferedExt.
Serial - SPI4.55.50.3512
-40 to +85$4.86 @1k
$5.90 @1k

Pricing Notes:
This pricing is BUDGETARY, for comparing similar parts. Prices are in U.S. dollars and subject to change. Quantity pricing may vary substantially and international prices may differ due to local duties, taxes, fees, and exchange rates. For volume-specific and version-specific prices and delivery, please see the price and availability page or contact an authorized distributor.
Request Reliability Report for: MAX5171 
Device   Fab Process   Technology   Sample size   Rejects   FIT at 25°C   FIT at 55°C   Material Composition  

Note : The failure rates are summarized by technology and mapped to the associated material part numbers. The failure rates are highly dependent on the number of units tested.

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