Optimized Pulse-Oximeter and Heart Rate AFE for Wearable Health

Optimized Pulse-Oximeter and Heart Rate AFE for Wearable Health

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The MAX30110 is a complete optical pulse oximetry and heart rate detection integrated analog front-end. The MAX30110 has a high-resolution, optical readout signal-processing channel with built-in ambient light cancellation, as well as high-current LED driver DACs, to form a complete optical readout signal chain. With external LED(s) and photo diode(s), the MAX30110 offers the lowest power, highest performance heart rate detection solution for wrist applications.

The MAX30110 operates on a 1.8V main supply voltage, with a separate 3.1V to 5.25V LED driver power supply. The device supports a standard SPI compatible interface, as well as shutdown modes through the software with near-zero standby current, allowing the power rails to remain powered at all times.
MAX30110: Simplified Block Diagram MAX30110: Simplified Block Diagram Enlarge+

Key Features

  • Reflective or Transmissive Heart Rate, Heart Rate Variability, or SpO2 Monitoring
  • Transmit Section
    • Two 8-bit LED Current DACs
    • Four Current Ranges 50mA, 100mA, 150mA, 200mA
    • Low Noise Current Sources for High Peak Transmit to Receive Dynamic Range
    • Low 160mV Dropout to Support Direct Drive From Rechargeable Li Battery
    • High Output Impedance and High Supply Rejection to Support Unregulated Supply or Direct Drive From Boost Switcher Supply
  • Receive Section
    • 19-bit Optical ADC Path to Support the Lowest Perfusions Situations
    • Low 25pA-RMS Input Referred Noise to Minimize LED Power Under Most Conditions
    • High Ambient Light Input Range of 200μA and to Support Extraction of HRM Signal in the Most Adverse Lighting Conditions
    • Built-in Front And Back-End Ambient Light Cancellation, Improving Rejection and Eliminating System Complexity of Dealing with Ambient Light
    • Short Exposure Pulse Widths of 52μs, 104μs, 206μs, 417μs for Efficient Uses of LED Light
    • Multiple Sample Rate Options from 20sps to 3.2ksps
  • Ultra-Low-Power Operation for Mobile and Body-Wearable Device
    • Dynamic Power-Down Modes to 100sps for Low-Power Consumption
    • Full AFE Power Consumption of Less Than 25μA (Typ) at 25sps
    • Large 32 Sample FIFO to Support Batch Processing in the Microcontroller
    • Variety of System Monitors Mappable to Interrupts to Off-Load System Monitoring Functions From the Microcontroller
    • Low Shutdown Current = 1.4μA (typ)
  • SPI Interface
  • Supports a Single 1.8V Supply with Separate 3.1V to 5.25V LED Supply
  • Miniature 2.8mm x 2.0mm, 6x4, 0.4mm Ball Pitch WLP Package
  • -40°C to +85°C Operating Temperature Range


  • Fitness Wearable Devices
  • In-Ear Wearable Devices
  • SpO2 Monitoring Devices
  • Wrist-Worn Wearable Devices

See parametric specs for Bio-Sensors (19)

Part NumberApplicationsISUPPLY
Shutdown Mode Supply Current
Oper. Temp.
typtypminmaxADCSee Notes
At-home Monitoring
Wearable Devices
Wearable Patient Monitors
231.41.721989-40 to +85
$2.60 @1k

Pricing Notes:
This pricing is BUDGETARY, for comparing similar parts. Prices are in U.S. dollars and subject to change. Quantity pricing may vary substantially and international prices may differ due to local duties, taxes, fees, and exchange rates. For volume-specific and version-specific prices and delivery, please see the price and availability page or contact an authorized distributor.

MAX30110ACCEVKIT: Evaluation Kit for the MAX30110 and MAX30112
Request Reliability Report for: MAX30110 
Device   Fab Process   Technology   Sample size   Rejects   FIT at 25°C   FIT at 55°C   Material Composition  

Note : The failure rates are summarized by technology and mapped to the associated material part numbers. The failure rates are highly dependent on the number of units tested.

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Related Resources

Best-in-Class Optical Pulse Oximeter and Heart-Rate Sensor AFE for Wearable Health

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  • Excellent Top-End Dynamic Range > 91dB in White Card Loop-Back Test (Nyquist Sample-to-Sample Variance)
  • Extended Dynamic Range up to 110dB (Averaging and Off-Chip Filtering)