Glossary Definition for Non-Inverting Op Amp

Glossary Term: Non-Inverting Op Amp 

Definition

A non-inverting op amp is an operational amplifier circuit with an output voltage that is in phase with the input voltage. Its complement is the inverting op amp, which produces an output signal that is 180o out of phase.

What is a non-inverting input?

An amplifier’s non-inverting input refers to the pin configuration. The non-inverting input is the terminal marked with a plus (+) sign, and the inverting input is marked with a minus (-) sign. These can also be referred to as positive and negative terminals.

Circuit diagram symbol for an op amp with non-inverting and inverting inputs.

Circuit diagram symbol for an op amp with non-inverting (+) and inverting (-) inputs.

What is the formula for a non-inverting amplifier?

Non-inverting op amps work following the op amp golden rules:

  1. The Current Rule: No current flows into the inputs of the op amp (I+=I-=0).
  2. The Voltage Rule: The output of the op amp attempts to ensure that the voltage difference between the two inputs is zero (V+=V-).

Non-inverting op amp circuit.

Non-inverting op amp circuit.

Consider the non-inverting op amp circuit shown above. According to the Voltage Rule, the voltage at the inverting (-) input will be the same as at the non-inverting (+) input, which is the applied voltage Vin.

The current going through R1 can then be given as Vin/R1.

According to the Current Rule, the inputs draw no current, so all that current must then flow through R2.

The output voltage can then be given as Vout=Vin+(Vin/R1)R2.

The gain is then Vout/Vin=1+(R2/R1).

The gain will never be less than 1, so the non-inverting op amp will produce an amplified signal that is in phase with the input.

What is the difference between an inverting and non-inverting amplifier?

A non-inverting amplifier produces an output signal that is in phase with the input signal, whereas an inverting amplifier’s output is out of phase. Both the inverting and non-inverting op amps can be constructed from one op amp and two resistors, just in different configurations.

Learn More: Operational Amplifiers (Op Amps)


Find a term alphabetically:
0-9ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ