Keywords: Switching Regulator, BUCK Regulator, BUCK Converter, BUCK, Step-down, Multi-phase, Quad-phase, Phase Configuration, General Purpose Input, Enable Control, Voltage\r\nSelection, Low Power Mode\r\n
The MAX77812 has two general-purpose inputs (GPI0 and GPI1) which can be configured as the enable function of regulators, output voltage selection, low-power mode control, and ‘no function’. The function of these two inputs is programmable through the I2C/SPI (GPI_FUNC register) on the fly.
When GPIx are configured as the output-enable function, the enable logic of a specific regulator is an ‘OR’ logic of GPIx and the corresponding enable register bit (Mx_EN). For example, the default function of GPI0 is Master 3 Enable (GPI0_FUNC[3:0] = 0011b), so that Master 3 Enable is controlled by GPI0 and the M3_EN bit. If GPI0 is set high earlier than ‘Global Enable (EN)’ input, Master 3 is enabled earlier than other master phases, as shown in Figure 1. The two GPIs can be configured as the same enable function (e.g., M2_EN = GPI0_FUNC[3:0] = GPI1_FUNC[3:0] = 0010b). In this case, those inputs are ORed with the M2_EN bit. The GLB_EN function (GPIx_FUNC[3:0] = 0000b) allows the host processor to enable all the masters in sequence based on the STUP_DLYx registers. Note that M1 through M4 are defined by the PH_CFG0, PH_CFG1, and PH_CFG2 inputs.
Figure 1. Timing diagram with GPI0 and EN in a 2+1+1 phase configuration.
The MAX77812 BUCK has two additional output voltage control registers (Mx_VOUT_D[7:0] and Mx_VOUT_S[7:0]), besides Mx_VOUT[7:0]. Those two additional registers are for storing the default output voltage and the system sleep mode output voltage for a specific host processor.
When GPIx are configured as a voltage selection function, the output voltage of a specific regulator is set by Mx_VOUT_D[7:0] and Mx_VOUT_S[7:0] registers based on the GPIx logic level. For example, if the function of GPI0 is programmed as Global Voltage Selection (GPIx_FUNC[3:0] = 0101b), the output voltages of all the master phases are toggled by GPI0 based on the preset values in Mx_VOUT_D[7:0] (GPI0 = HIGH) and Mx_VOUT_S[7:0] (GPI0 = LOW) registers. In case the two GPIs are configured as the same voltage selection function, those inputs are ORed. During the output voltage transition, the ramp-up/down slew rate is controlled by the B_RU_SR[2:0] and B_RD_SR[2:0] registers.
When GPIx are configured as a Low-Power Mode (LPM) enable function, the Low-Power Mode enable logic of a specific master phase is an ‘OR’ logic of GPIx and the corresponding enable register bit (Mx_LPM). For example, if GPI0_FUNC[3:0] = 1011b, the LPM enable of Master 1 is controlled by GPI0 and M1_LPM bit. In case the two GPIs are configured as the same LPM enable function (i.e., GPI0_FUNC[3:0] = GPI1_FUNC[3:0] = 1100b), those inputs are ORed with the M2_LPM bit. The GLB_LPM function (GPIx_FUNC[3:0] = 1010b) allows the host processor to enable Low-Power Mode for all the masters at the same time.
Table 1. GPI Function Selection Register
|Type: O||Reset Value: 0x43|
GPI1 Function Selection
GPI0 Function Selection
Table 2. Multi-Function GPI Configurations
|0000b||GLB_EN||Global Enable (Master 1 thru to Master 4)|
|0001b||M1_EN||Master 1 Enable|
|0010b||M2_EN||Master 2 Enable|
|0011b||M3_EN||Master 3 Enable|
|0100b||M4_EN||Master 4 Enable|
|0101b||GLB_VSEL||Global Voltage Selection (Master 1 thru Master 4)|
|0110b||M1_VSEL||Master 1 Voltage Selection|
|0111b||M2_VSEL||Master 2 Voltage Selection|
|1000b||M3_VSEL||Master 3 Voltage Selection|
|1001b||M4_VSEL||Master 4 Voltage Selection|
|1010b||GLB_LPM||Global Low Power Mode Select (Master 1 thru Master 4)|
|1011b||M1_LPM||Master 1 Low Power Mode Enable|
|1100b||M2_LPM||Master 2 Low Power Mode Enable|
|1101b||M3_LPM||Master 3 Low Power Mode Enable|
|1110b||M4_LPM||Master 4 Low Power Mode Enable|