APPLICATION NOTE 4939

How to Implement End-of-Conversion Detection in Maxim's Ambient Light Sensors

By: Prashanth Holenarsipur

Abstract: This application note explains how the interrupt pin on Maxim's ambient light sensors can be used to implement end-of-conversion detection to improve response time to measurements.

Introduction

Maxim's MAX44007 and MAX44009 high-performance ambient light sensors combine a photodiode, front-end analog circuitry (AFE), two high-resolution ADCs, digital subtraction and data formatting circuitry, and an I²C interface block. These light sensors also provide industry-leading low operating-current levels (0.65µA), low-voltage 1.8V ICC operation, ultra-low light sensitivity, and a small 2mm x 2mm x 0.6mm package.

When optical integration times are multiples of 100ms (e.g., 100/200/400/800ms), these ambient light sensors provide excellent 50Hz/60Hz rejection. In many cases, however, applications require an end-of-conversion signal to prevent unnecessary delay in accessing reliable, ambient light-sensor information. This application note describes how to use the device's interrupt pin to implement end-of-conversion functionality and details the setup of the I²C registers.

Register Map

The I²C register map for these light sensors is shown in Table 1.

Register Bit Register Address Power-On Reset State R/W
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Status
Interrupt Status INTS 0x00 0x00 R
Interrupt Enable INTE 0x01 0x00 R/W
Configuration
Configuration CONT MANUAL CDR TIM[2:0] 0x02 0x03 R/W
LUX Reading
LUX High Byte E3 E2 E1 E0 M7 M6 M5 M4 0x03 0x00 R
LUX Low Byte M3 M2 M1 M0 0x04 0x00 R
Threshold Set
Upper Threshold
High Byte
UE3 UE2 UE1 UE0 UM7 UM6 UM5 UM4 0x05 0xFF R/W
Lower Threshold
High Byte
LE3 LE2 LE1 LE0 LM7 LM6 LM5 LM4 0x06 0x00 R/W
Threshold Timer T7 T6 T5 T4 T3 T2 T1 T0 0x07 0xFF R/W

Implementing End-of-Conversion Detection

Implementation is based on the fact that the interrupt detection logic is activated internally in the IC only after the ADC has valid data, i.e., at the end of an ADC conversion. During an ongoing ADC conversion/integration time, the interrupt detection logic ignores the I²C register setting changes. When the part is set up to trigger an interrupt regardless of the results of its conversion (for example, by setting the lower threshold to be greater than the upper threshold), an end-of-conversion signal can be obtained by monitoring the interrupt pin.

A detailed step-by-step example algorithm is shown below.

Step 1. Configure the part for quick access.
Write 1100 0111 to Configuration register 0x02. This sets up the part with following nondefault settings:
CONT = 1, for immediate and continuous conversion
MANUAL = 1, to allow minimal manual adjustment of the integration time
TIM = 111, to set the integration time to the minimum possible = 6.25ms
Step 2. Configure the part for an instantaneous and forced interrupt trigger at the end of conversion.
Write lower threshold high byte = 1111 1111.

Write higher threshold high byte = 0000 0000.
Write threshold timer = 0000 0000.
Step 3. Stay in a "wait" state until a user command initiates a valid conversion.
Ignore any interrupt triggers from the part during this time.
Step 4. Initiate start of a valid conversion (after commanded by master).
Write 1000 0000 to Configuration register 0x02. This sets the part up with autoranging and continuous conversion.

Read the Interrupt Status register 0x00 to clear any set interrupts. The active-low INT pin should go high.

Wait for an interrupt trigger by monitoring the active-low INT pin. (Note: the maximum wait time will be 6.25ms due to the TIM configuration in Step 1.)

Now the actual light sensor measurement begins.

Read the Interrupt Status register 0x00 to clear the set interrupt. The active-low INT pin should go high.

Write 1100 0111 to set the part to return to a 6.25ms integration time after the end of the current conversion period.

Wait for an interrupt trigger by monitoring the active-low INT pin, which signals an end of conversion for valid light measurement.
Step 5. Return to Step 3.