Maxim offers chips for filtering and amplifying analog video signals. Many of these chips are designed to be connected to the output of a video digital-to-analog converter (DAC).
To characterize the video performance of these video amplifiers/filters, standard video test signals such as color bars are applied. Although the video test signals from most video test-pattern generators range between -0.3V and 0.7V, many Maxim chips expect a video signal between 0 and 1V. The simple circuit shown in Figure 1
can level shift the output of the video test generator so that the resulting signal is between 0 and 1V.
The circuit consists of a first amplifier with a gain of -1, followed by a second amplifier in a gain of -2. Hence, the total gain is +2. By moving the wiper of the potentiometer connected to the noninverting input on the second amplifier, the output DC level can be adjusted.
The input termination resistance of the level-shift circuit in Figure 1 is still approximately 75
. This is because the parallel combination of the 100
resistor to ground and the 300
input resistance of the inverting amplifier is 75
Figure 1. Implementation of a level shifter.
shows a standard NTSC composite test-video signal (color-bar signal generated with a Tektronix 1910 digital generator), to which a DC offset is added.
Figure 2. Composite color-bar test video signal.
shows the component S-video signals, both luma and chroma (color bar generated with a Quantum Data 802 BT video test generator), to which an offset voltage is added to level shift the test signal.
Figure 3. An S-video color-bar test video signal.
shows the 1080i format test signal (generated with a Quantum Data 802 BT video test generator), to which an offset voltage is added to level shift the test signal.
Figure 4. 1080i format test video signal.