LNA Tuned for the 433.05MHz to 434.79MHz European ISM Band
The European ISM band (433.04MHz to 434.79MHz) is meant for non-specific short range Devices (SRDs). Since equipment developed for this frequency range is exempt from licensing, the potential number of innovative, low cost designs is enormous. In these designs, using a properly tuned ultra-low-noise amplifier greatly increases overall system performance.
Using the proper matching components for a specific frequency range of operation improves the performance of an amplifier. The correct input and output matching components ensure proper transfer of signal and energy from a "source" to a "load." Scattering-parameters (S-parameters) provided for the MAX2640 help determine the proper component values for European ISM band (fCENTER = 433.92MHz) applications. The S-parameter data can be downloaded from the Maxim website.
Along with the S-parameters, the MAX2640 Evaluation kit (EV kit) is available for fast prototyping and testing. Figure 1 and Table 1 show the schematic and components list for an EV kit modified for the European ISM band. Notice that only one output matching component and one input matching component are required (C1 is a DC blocking capacitor).
Figure 1. The MAX2640 EV kit schematic for the European ISM band.
Table 1. The MAX2640 EV Kit Component List for the European ISM Band
|C1||1||1500pF ceramic cap (0402) Murata GRP155R71H152KA01B|
|C2||1||15pF ceramic cap (0402) Murata GRP155561H50JZ01B|
|C3||1||10µF ceramic cap (1206) AVX TAJA106D010R|
|C4||1||470pF 5% ceramic cap (0805) Murata GRM40COG471J50V|
|C5||1||47nH chip inductor (0402) Coilcraft 0402CS-47NX-B6|
At fIN = 433.92MHz, the MAX2640 achieves 16.75dB gain, -7.6dB input return loss, and -19.8dB output return loss (see Figure 2). The noise figure reaches a low 1.17dB.
Figure 2. Measured gain, input return loss, and output return loss for the European ISM band.
Simulating the same parameters using the MAX2640 S-parameters obtains similar results (Figure 3).
Figure 3. Simulated gain, input/output return loss, and noise figure loss for the European ISM band.