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Application Notes

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  • Over 2000 application notes and technical articles written by engineers, for engineers.
  • These articles offer experienced analysis, design ideas, reference designs, and tutorials—to make you an expert.
  • List of latest application notes.

    Basestations/Wireless Infrastructure

  • Ethernet/Backhaul
  • High-Speed ADCs
  • High-Speed DACs
  •  
  • High-Speed Signal Distribution
  • Wireless and RF System Design

  • View   In New Window PDF
    1014.7kB
    Application Note 6883 
    Concerned About GNSS Inaccuracy? Expand Your Constellations
    View   In New Window PDF
    889.6kB
    Application Note 6544 
    Backhaul Alternatives for 4G/5G HetNet Base Stations Part 1 - Equipment Trends and Solution Toolbox
    View   In New Window PDF
    974.3kB
    Application Note 6323 
    Optimizing your Power Amplifier for Predistortion with RF PA Linearizer (RFPAL)
    View   In New Window PDF
    216.8kB
    Application Note 6320 
    Linearizing Microwave Transmission Power Amplifiers Using the SC1894
    View   In New Window PDF
    219.3kB
    Application Note 6269 
    Understanding the Operation of the Frequency Synthesizer in Maxim’s RF Transceivers
    View   In New Window PDF
    96.3kB
    Tutorial 5499 
    Spectrum Inversion in NCDMA to Ensure Compliance with 3GPP2
    View   In New Window PDF
    218.6kB
    Application Note 5446 
    Direct-Sampling DACs in Theory and Application
    View   In New Window PDF
    338.9kB
    Tutorial 5429 
    IP3 and Intermodulation Guide
    View   In New Window PDF
    780.5kB
    Tutorial 5450 
    Successful PCB Grounding with Mixed-Signal Chips - Follow the Path of Least Impedance
    View   In New Window PDF
    85.7kB
    Application Note 5315 
    Determining the Half-IF Spurious Requirement for an LTE Receiver and Choosing the Appropriate RF Mixer
    View   In New Window PDF
    164kB
    Application Note 3853 
    Equalizing Techniques Flatten DAC Frequency Response
    View   In New Window PDF
    137.3kB
    Tutorial 5066 
    When Is Calibration Important?
    View   In New Window PDF
    354.9kB
    Application Note 5331 
    Employing a Single-Chip Transceiver in Femtocell Base-Station Applications
    View   In New Window PDF
    201.8kB
    Reference Schematic 5364 
    Femtocell Radio Reference Designs Using the MAX2550–MAX2553 Transceivers
    View   In New Window PDF
    355.2kB
    Application Note 4652 
    Simplify AISG Control Systems by Integrating the Hardware Discrete Transceiver
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    95kB
    Application Note 4295 
    Small-Signal Bandwidth in a Big-Band Era
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    49kB
    Tutorial 4294 
    Differential Gain and Phase—Why Measure It, if You Cannot See It?
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    1.5MB
    Reference Schematic 5044 
    Low-EMI, Active-Clamped Forward, Class 4 Powered Device (PD) Provides High-Efficiency Solution for PoE Applications
    View   In New Window PDF
    628kB
    Reference Schematic 5043 
    Active-Clamped Forward, Dual-Output PD Provides High-Performance Solution for PoE Applications
    View   In New Window PDF
    253.6kB
    Tutorial 4636 
    Avoid PC-Layout "Gotchas" in ISM-RF Products
    View   In New Window PDF
    459kB
    Application Note 4613 
    A Proposed Framework for Measuring, Identifying, and Eliminating Clock and Data Jitter on High-Speed Serial Communication Links
    View   In New Window PDF
    118kB
    Application Note 4647 
    Selecting High-Linearity Mixers for Wireless Base Stations
    View   In New Window PDF
    238.8kB
    Application Note 4611 
    Tuning the MAX2009/MAX2010 RF Predistorters for Optimal Performance
    View   In New Window PDF
    127.4kB
    Tutorial 4053 
    Setup and Hold Times for High-Speed Digital-to-Analog Converters (DACs) Demystified
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    207kB
    Application Note 3577 
    Converting MAXQ Microcontrollers from Sector-Erasable (SE) to Page-Erasable (PE) Flash Devices
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    136kB
    Application Note 3575 
    In-Application Programming (IAP) of the MAXQ7665 Sector-Erasable Program and Data Flash
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    218kB
    Application Note 3576 
    In-Application Programming (IAP) of the MAXQ7665 Page-Erasable (PE) Program and Data Flash
    View   In New Window PDF
    263.4kB
    Application Note 3901 
    Synchronizing Multiple High-Speed Multiplexed DACs for Transmit Applications
    View   In New Window PDF
    101kB
    Tutorial 3822 
    Phase-Noise Profiles Aid System Testing
    View   In New Window PDF
    151kB
    Application Note 3806 
    Performance Test for a Serializer and Deserializer Pair: MAX9247 and MAX9218
    View   In New Window PDF
    761.6kB
    Application Note 3587 
    FCC and ETSI Requirements for Short-Range UHF ASK-Modulated Transmitters
    View   In New Window PDF
    172.6kB
    Application Note 3589 
    Power Amplifier Theory for High-Efficiency Low-Cost ISM-Band Transmitters
    View   In New Window PDF
    21kB
    Application Note 3090 
    Range/Resolution Considerations with External Resistors Using the DS1870
    View   In New Window PDF
    25kB
    Application Note 3089 
    The Mechanics of the DS1870 Look Up Table
    View   In New Window PDF
    116.8kB
    Tutorial 2875 
    Three Methods of Noise Figure Measurement
    View   In New Window PDF
    289.5kB
    Tutorial 729 
    Dynamic Testing of High-Speed ADCs, Part 2
    View   In New Window PDF
    92kB
    Tutorial 634 
    Pipeline ADCs Come of Age
    View   In New Window PDF
    207.4kB
    Tutorial 728 
    Defining and Testing Dynamic Parameters in High-Speed ADCs, Part 1
    View   In New Window PDF
    72.1kB
    Tutorial 989 
    Multiply Your Sampling Rate with Time-Interleaved Data Converters
    View   In New Window PDF
    49kB
    Application Note 275 
    MAX2266 Power Amplifier for the CDMA Cellular Band with PIN Diode Switch

    Ethernet/Backhaul

    View   In New Window PDF
    889.6kB
    Application Note 6544 
    Backhaul Alternatives for 4G/5G HetNet Base Stations Part 1 - Equipment Trends and Solution Toolbox
    View   In New Window PDF
    628kB
    Reference Schematic 5043 
    Active-Clamped Forward, Dual-Output PD Provides High-Performance Solution for PoE Applications
    View   In New Window PDF
    459kB
    Application Note 4613 
    A Proposed Framework for Measuring, Identifying, and Eliminating Clock and Data Jitter on High-Speed Serial Communication Links

    High-Speed ADCs

    View   In New Window PDF
    889.6kB
    Application Note 6544 
    Backhaul Alternatives for 4G/5G HetNet Base Stations Part 1 - Equipment Trends and Solution Toolbox
    View   In New Window PDF
    780.5kB
    Tutorial 5450 
    Successful PCB Grounding with Mixed-Signal Chips - Follow the Path of Least Impedance
    View   In New Window PDF
    164kB
    Application Note 3853 
    Equalizing Techniques Flatten DAC Frequency Response
    View   In New Window PDF
    88kB
    Application Note 3716 
    Folded-Frequency Calculator
    View   In New Window PDF
    192kB
    Application Note 3557 
    "Stitch" Your Way Out of Logic-Analyzer Memory Limitations
    View   In New Window PDF
    24kB
    Application Note 3495 
    Combine Multiple Data Files to Optimize INL/DNL Processing
    View   In New Window PDF
    107kB
    Application Note 3228 
    Improving Gain Flatness without Sacrificing Dynamic Performance in High-IF ADCs
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    63kB
    Application Note 3292 
    Crunching FFTs with Microsoft Excel
    View   In New Window PDF
    97kB
    Application Note 3190 
    Coherent Sampling Calculator (CSC)
    View   In New Window PDF
    74kB
    Application Note 3062 
    Dynamic Performance Requirements for High-Performance ADCs and RF Components in Digital Receiver Applications
    View   In New Window PDF
    43kB
    Application Note 2771 
    High-Speed ADC Sets Input Common-Mode Range
    View   In New Window PDF
    48kB
    Application Note 2882 
    Proper Input Network Selection Achieves Optimum Dynamic Performance and Excellent Gain Flatness in High-Speed ADCs
    View   In New Window PDF
    58kB
    Application Note 2884 
    Secondary-Side Transformer Termination Improves Gain Flatness in High-Speed ADCs
    View   In New Window PDF
    64kB
    Application Note 1929 
    Understanding ADC Noise for Small and Large Signal Inputs for Receiver Applications
    View   In New Window PDF
    67kB
    Tutorial 1819 
    Selecting the Optimum Test Tones and Test Equipment for Successful High-Speed ADC Sinewave Testing
    View   In New Window PDF
    53kB
    Tutorial 1197 
    How Quantization and Thermal Noise Determine an ADC's Effective Noise Figure
    View   In New Window PDF
    289.5kB
    Tutorial 729 
    Dynamic Testing of High-Speed ADCs, Part 2
    View   In New Window PDF
    92kB
    Tutorial 1040 
    Coherent Sampling vs. Window Sampling
    View   In New Window PDF
    92kB
    Tutorial 634 
    Pipeline ADCs Come of Age
    View   In New Window PDF
    207.4kB
    Tutorial 728 
    Defining and Testing Dynamic Parameters in High-Speed ADCs, Part 1
    View   In New Window PDF
    70kB
    Tutorial 1023 
    Understanding Pipelined ADCs
    View   In New Window PDF
    72.1kB
    Tutorial 989 
    Multiply Your Sampling Rate with Time-Interleaved Data Converters

    High-Speed DACs

    View   In New Window PDF
    889.6kB
    Application Note 6544 
    Backhaul Alternatives for 4G/5G HetNet Base Stations Part 1 - Equipment Trends and Solution Toolbox
    View   In New Window PDF
    218.6kB
    Application Note 5446 
    Direct-Sampling DACs in Theory and Application
    View   In New Window PDF
    780.5kB
    Tutorial 5450 
    Successful PCB Grounding with Mixed-Signal Chips - Follow the Path of Least Impedance
    View   In New Window PDF
    164kB
    Application Note 3853 
    Equalizing Techniques Flatten DAC Frequency Response
    View   In New Window PDF
    127.4kB
    Tutorial 4053 
    Setup and Hold Times for High-Speed Digital-to-Analog Converters (DACs) Demystified
    View   In New Window PDF
    88kB
    Application Note 3716 
    Folded-Frequency Calculator
    View   In New Window PDF
    109kB
    Application Note 3559 
    High-Performance RF Modulator Enables Multi-Carrier Communications Transmitters
    View   In New Window PDF
    81kB
    Application Note 1886 
    Critical DAC Parameters for Multi-Carrier GSM/EDGE Transmitters

    High-Speed Signal Distribution

    View   In New Window PDF
    780.5kB
    Tutorial 5450 
    Successful PCB Grounding with Mixed-Signal Chips - Follow the Path of Least Impedance
    View   In New Window PDF
    459kB
    Application Note 4613 
    A Proposed Framework for Measuring, Identifying, and Eliminating Clock and Data Jitter on High-Speed Serial Communication Links
    View   In New Window PDF
    118kB
    Application Note 4647 
    Selecting High-Linearity Mixers for Wireless Base Stations
    View   In New Window PDF
    263.4kB
    Application Note 3901 
    Synchronizing Multiple High-Speed Multiplexed DACs for Transmit Applications
    View   In New Window PDF
    151kB
    Application Note 3806 
    Performance Test for a Serializer and Deserializer Pair: MAX9247 and MAX9218
    View   In New Window PDF
    163kB
    Application Note 2023 
    LVDS Serializer-Deserializer Performance over Twisted Pair Cable
    View   In New Window PDF
    250kB
    Application Note 1856 
    Signal Integrity vs. Transmission Rate and Cable Length for LVDS Serializers
    View   In New Window PDF
    85kB
    Tutorial 1058 
    LVDS Enables High-Speed Signal Distribution in 3G Base Stations
    View   In New Window PDF
    40kB
    Tutorial 872 
    LVDS Splitter Simplifies High-Speed Signal Distribution
    View   In New Window PDF
    59kB
    Application Note 873 
    High-Speed Signal Distribution Using Low-Voltage Differential Signaling (LVDS)

    Wireless and RF System Design

    View   In New Window PDF
    1014.7kB
    Application Note 6883 
    Concerned About GNSS Inaccuracy? Expand Your Constellations
    View   In New Window PDF
    889.6kB
    Application Note 6544 
    Backhaul Alternatives for 4G/5G HetNet Base Stations Part 1 - Equipment Trends and Solution Toolbox
    View   In New Window PDF
    974.3kB
    Application Note 6323 
    Optimizing your Power Amplifier for Predistortion with RF PA Linearizer (RFPAL)
    View   In New Window PDF
    216.8kB
    Application Note 6320 
    Linearizing Microwave Transmission Power Amplifiers Using the SC1894
    View   In New Window PDF
    219.3kB
    Application Note 6269 
    Understanding the Operation of the Frequency Synthesizer in Maxim’s RF Transceivers
    View   In New Window PDF
    96.3kB
    Tutorial 5499 
    Spectrum Inversion in NCDMA to Ensure Compliance with 3GPP2
    View   In New Window PDF
    218.6kB
    Application Note 5446 
    Direct-Sampling DACs in Theory and Application
    View   In New Window PDF
    338.9kB
    Tutorial 5429 
    IP3 and Intermodulation Guide
    View   In New Window PDF
    780.5kB
    Tutorial 5450 
    Successful PCB Grounding with Mixed-Signal Chips - Follow the Path of Least Impedance
    View   In New Window PDF
    85.7kB
    Application Note 5315 
    Determining the Half-IF Spurious Requirement for an LTE Receiver and Choosing the Appropriate RF Mixer
    View   In New Window PDF
    354.9kB
    Application Note 5331 
    Employing a Single-Chip Transceiver in Femtocell Base-Station Applications
    View   In New Window PDF
    201.8kB
    Reference Schematic 5364 
    Femtocell Radio Reference Designs Using the MAX2550–MAX2553 Transceivers
    View   In New Window PDF
    1.5MB
    Reference Schematic 5044 
    Low-EMI, Active-Clamped Forward, Class 4 Powered Device (PD) Provides High-Efficiency Solution for PoE Applications
    View   In New Window PDF
    628kB
    Reference Schematic 5043 
    Active-Clamped Forward, Dual-Output PD Provides High-Performance Solution for PoE Applications
    View   In New Window PDF
    253.6kB
    Tutorial 4636 
    Avoid PC-Layout "Gotchas" in ISM-RF Products
    View   In New Window PDF
    118kB
    Application Note 4647 
    Selecting High-Linearity Mixers for Wireless Base Stations
    View   In New Window   Tutorial 4651 
    Web Seminar: Wireless Technology Tutorial
    View   In New Window PDF
    238.8kB
    Application Note 4611 
    Tuning the MAX2009/MAX2010 RF Predistorters for Optimal Performance
    View   In New Window PDF
    58kB
    Application Note 3990 
    Current-Source DAC with PIN Diode Provides RF Attenuation and Thermal Compensation
    View   In New Window PDF
    101kB
    Tutorial 3822 
    Phase-Noise Profiles Aid System Testing
    View   In New Window PDF
    761.6kB
    Application Note 3587 
    FCC and ETSI Requirements for Short-Range UHF ASK-Modulated Transmitters
    View   In New Window PDF
    129kB
    Application Note 3671 
    Data Slicing Techniques for UHF ASK Receivers
    View   In New Window PDF
    127kB
    Application Note 3611 
    Integrated DC Logarithmic Amplifiers
    View   In New Window PDF
    104kB
    Application Note 3632 
    Wideband LO Noise in Passive Transmit-Receive Mixer ICs
    View   In New Window PDF
    172.6kB
    Application Note 3589 
    Power Amplifier Theory for High-Efficiency Low-Cost ISM-Band Transmitters
    View   In New Window PDF
    109kB
    Application Note 3559 
    High-Performance RF Modulator Enables Multi-Carrier Communications Transmitters
    View   In New Window PDF
    74kB
    Application Note 3062 
    Dynamic Performance Requirements for High-Performance ADCs and RF Components in Digital Receiver Applications
    View   In New Window PDF
    21kB
    Application Note 3090 
    Range/Resolution Considerations with External Resistors Using the DS1870
    View   In New Window PDF
    25kB
    Application Note 3089 
    The Mechanics of the DS1870 Look Up Table
    View   In New Window PDF
    116.8kB
    Tutorial 2875 
    Three Methods of Noise Figure Measurement
    View   In New Window PDF
    45kB
    Application Note 2371 
    Consider Overall Cascaded Performance When Comparing Integrated RF Frequency Mixers to Passive Mixer Solutions
    View   In New Window PDF
    91kB
    Application Note 2021 
    Specifications and Measurement of Local Oscillator Noise in Integrated Circuit Base Station Mixers
    View   In New Window PDF
    51kB
    Application Note 1838 
    Mixer 2x2 Spurious Response and IP2 Relationship
    View   In New Window PDF
    131kB
    Application Note 1917 
    Simplifying Tomorrow's LO Drive Designs with the MAX9987-90 Family of LO Buffers/Splitters
    View   In New Window PDF
    85kB
    Application Note 1829 
    The MAX2265 Is Ideal for EDGE Base-Station Pre-Driver Applications
    View   In New Window PDF
    71kB
    Application Note 697 
    Silicon Germanium (SiGe) Technology Enhances Radio Front-End Performance
    View   In New Window PDF
    49kB
    Application Note 1140 
    Receiver Sensitivity Equation for Spread Spectrum Systems
    View   In New Window PDF
    87kB
    Application Note 1130 
    Phase-Lock Loop Applications Using the MAX9382
    View   In New Window PDF
    101kB
    Tutorial 686 
    QPSK Modulation Demystified
    View   In New Window PDF
    49kB
    Application Note 275 
    MAX2266 Power Amplifier for the CDMA Cellular Band with PIN Diode Switch


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