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MAXREFDES71#: 2-Channel Analog Input/Analog Output with Transformer Driven Power

MAXREFDES71

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Description

Introduction

Advanced manufacturing, custom production and cost pressures continue to drive factories to higher speed performance and increased flexibility. To meet the requirements of a ‘no compromises’ factory environment, the MAXREFDES71# subsystem reference design provides two high-speed, high-accuracy, 400ksps, 16-bit analog input channels and output channels. All input and output channels support ±10V and ±20mA signals plus 20% margin, providing flexibility for low- and high-speed systems using either voltage or current signals.

The MAXREFDES71# design utilizes four dual fast-settling high-voltage op amps (MAX9633); two 16-bit 500ksps ADCs (MAX11166); two low-noise, fast-settling precision 16-bit DACs (MAX5316); two ultra-high precision 4.096V voltage references (MAX6126); seven high-speed digital isolators (MAX14850); an H-bridge transformer driver for isolated supplies (MAX13256); and regulated +18V, -18V, +5V, and -1.25V power rails (MAX8719, MAX8881). By using high-accuracy and high-speed components, this subsystem performs well in both process control applications, such as sensor inputs, and control applications, such as servo drives, resolvers, and encoders.

Applications

  • Industrial control automation
  • Servo drive

Competitive Advantages

  • High speed
  • High accuracy
  • Low noise

Features

  • Two independent analog inputs
  • Two independent analog outputs
  • Isolated power and data
  • High-speed 400ksps analog input sampling rate
  • High-accuracy 16-bit resolution
  • Voltage output settles to within 2 LSB in 17µs
  • Current output settles to within 2 LSB in 77µs
  • Device drivers
  • Example C source code
  • Configuration files for ZedBoard™ platform
  • FMC-compatible

  • maxrefdes71fig00

    maxrefdes71fig00

  • 5865fig01

    5865fig01

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Designed, Built, Tested

Board pictured here has been fully assembled and tested.

 

Details Section

Details Section

Introduction

Advanced manufacturing, custom production and cost pressures continue to drive factories to higher speed performance and increased flexibility. To meet the requirements of a ‘no compromises’ factory environment, the MAXREFDES71# subsystem reference design provides two high-speed, high-accuracy, 400ksps, 16-bit analog input channels and output channels. All input and output channels support ±10V and ±20mA signals plus 20% margin, providing flexibility for low- and high-speed systems using either voltage or current signals.

The MAXREFDES71# design utilizes four dual fast-settling high-voltage op amps (MAX9633); two 16-bit 500ksps ADCs (MAX11166); two low-noise, fast-settling precision 16-bit DACs (MAX5316); two ultra-high precision 4.096V voltage references (MAX6126); seven high-speed digital isolators (MAX14850); an H-bridge transformer driver for isolated supplies (MAX13256); and regulated +18V, -18V, +5V, and -1.25V power rails (MAX8719, MAX8881). By using high-accuracy and high-speed components, this subsystem performs well in both process control applications, such as sensor inputs, and control applications, such as servo drives, resolvers, and encoders.

The MAXREFDES71 subsystem design block diagram.
Figure 1. The MAXREFDES71 subsystem design block diagram.

Detailed Description of Hardware

The MAXREFDES71# subsystem is optimized for applications that need both analog inputs and analog outputs with isolated power and data. Figure 1 shows the block diagram of the MAXREFDES71# reference design.

MAXREFDES71# uses an external MAX6126 (U12 and U22) voltage reference for both the ADC and the DAC to provide the highest possible accuracy. The MAX6126 has an initial accuracy of 0.02% and a 3ppm/ºC maximum temperature coefficient (tempco).

The MAX9633 (U1) is a dual high-voltage, low-noise op amp. The op amps attenuate and buffer the input signals to match the input range of the ADC (MAX11166). When measuring a voltage signal, connect the positive terminal and negative terminal of the signal source to the Vx+/Ix+ and Vx-/Ix- connectors, respectively. When measuring a current signal, connect the positive terminal of the signal source to the Vx+/Ix+ connector, and connect the negative terminal to both Vx-/Ix- and Ix- connectors. The input buffer is configured in a difference amplifier configuration. The equation to convert the ADC code to input voltage is:

V = 3.6621 × 10-4 × (CODEADC - 32768)

When measuring the current signal, if the Ix- terminal is connected to the ground of the current loop, the equation to convert the ADC code to current is:

I = 7.4466 × 10-7 × (CODEADC - 32768)

The MAX5316 (U17 and U18) is a low-noise, fast-settling, 16-bit DAC. The range of the DAC outputs is 0V to 4.096V. The dual op amp, MAX9633 (U19), buffers the DAC outputs and rescales the output range to -10V to +10V (±2V) to meet the industrial standard. A second dual op amp, MAX9633 (U20), buffers the outputs of the first MAX9633 (U19). A third dual op amp, MAX9633 (U21), uses the Howland current source configuration to convert the voltage output of the second MAX9633 (U20) into -20mA to +20mA (±4mA) current output. Therefore, the MAXREFDES71# can produce two channels of both voltage and current outputs simultaneously. The equations to convert the DAC code to output voltage and current are:

V = 3.6758 × 10-4 × CODEDAC - 12.0055

I = 7.3517 × 10-7 × CODEDAC - 2.4011 × 10-2

In standard configuration, the MAXREFDES71# uses the MAX13256 (U23) to generate the isolated +23V, -23V, and +7V rails from a 24V supply. The MAX8719 (U4), MAX8881 (U5, U6), and LM337 (U7, U8) provide post-regulated +18V, +5V, -18V, and -1.25V rails. Data isolation is accomplished using the MAX14850 (U9–U11, U13–U16) digital data isolators. The combined power and data isolation achieved is 600VRMS. To use external power supplies, disconnect the 24V supply and move the shunts on all jumpers to the 2-3 position. Connect the ground terminal of the external power supplies to the GND connector. Connect the +18V, +5V, -1.25V, and -18V supplies to the corresponding connectors on the board.

MAXREFDES71# connects to FMC-compatible field-programmable gate array (FPGA)/microcontroller development boards. MAXREFDES71# requires a 24V supply and also the 3.3V supply from the FMC connector. The FMC pin assignments are illustrated in Figure 2.

FMC connector pin connections.
Figure 2. FMC connector pin connections.

Table 1 shows the power requirements. Table 2 shows currently supported platforms and ports.

Table 1. Power Requirement for the MAXREFDES71# Subsystem Reference Design

Power Type Jumper Shunt Input Voltage (V) Input Current (mA, typ)
MAX13256 Powered JU1–JU5: 1-2 24 125
External Power JU1–JU5: 2-3 5 88.8
18 26.8
-18 37.4
-1.25 1.8

 

Table 2. Supported Platforms and Ports

Supported Platforms Ports
ZedBoard platform (Zynq®-7020) J1

Detailed Description of ZedBoard Firmware

Table 2 shows the currently supported platforms and ports. Support for additional platforms may be added periodically under Firmware Files in the All Design Files section.

The MAXREFDES71# firmware released for the ZedBoard kit targets an ARM® Cortex®-A9 processor placed inside a Xilinx® Zynq system-on-chip (SoC).

The firmware is a working example of how to interface to the hardware, collect samples, save them to memory, and replicate the input signals on the outputs. Figure 3 shows the process flow. The firmware is written in C using the Xilinx SDK tool, which is based on the Eclipse open source standard. Custom MAXREFDES71# design functions were created utilizing the AXI MAXREFDES71 custom IP core. The firmware supports the maximum ADC sampling rate at 400ksps. The maximum signal replication rate is 60ksps because the settling time for the voltage output signals are 17µs. Because the settling time for current output signals are 77µs, a replication rate of 10ksps or less is recommended.


Figure 3. The MAXREFDES32# firmware flowchart.

The firmware accepts commands, configures the ADC and DAC, replicates the inputs on outputs, and is capable of downloading blocks of sampled data to a standard terminal program through a virtual COM port. The complete source code is provided to speed up customer development. The corresponding firmware platform files contain code documentation.

Detailed Description of ZedBoard Firmware

Table 2 shows the currently supported platforms and ports. Support for additional platforms may be added periodically under Firmware Files in the All Design Files section.

The MAXREFDES71# firmware released for the ZedBoard kit targets an ARM® Cortex®-A9 processor placed inside a Xilinx® Zynq system-on-chip (SoC).

The firmware is a working example of how to interface to the hardware, collect samples, save them to memory, and replicate the input signals on the outputs. Figure 3 shows the process flow. The firmware is written in C using the Xilinx SDK tool, which is based on the Eclipse open source standard. Custom MAXREFDES71# design functions were created utilizing the AXI MAXREFDES71 custom IP core. The firmware supports the maximum ADC sampling rate at 400ksps. The maximum signal replication rate is 60ksps because the settling time for the voltage output signals are 17µs. Because the settling time for current output signals are 77µs, a replication rate of 10ksps or less is recommended.


Figure 3. The MAXREFDES32# firmware flowchart.

The firmware accepts commands, configures the ADC and DAC, replicates the inputs on outputs, and is capable of downloading blocks of sampled data to a standard terminal program through a virtual COM port. The complete source code is provided to speed up customer development. The corresponding firmware platform files contain code documentation.

Quick Start

Required Equipment:

  • Windows® PC with two USB ports
  • MAXREFDES71# (MAXREFDES71#) board
  • MAXREFDES71#-supported platform (i.e., ZedBoard kit)
  • Industrial signal source

Download, read, and carefully follow each step in the appropriate MAXREFDES71# Quick Start Guide: MAXREFDES71# ZedBoard Quick Start Guide

Lab Measurements

Equipment used for analog input tests:

  • Audio Precision® SYS-2722 signal source or equivalent
  • Voltage calibrator DVC-8500
  • Windows PC with two USB ports
  • MAXREFDES32# board
  • ZedBoard kit

Equipment used for analog output tests:

  • Maxim custom FPGA test board
  • One 499Ω, 0.25W resistor load
  • Agilent 3458A digital multimeter
  • Agilent E3631A DC power supply (any ±24V, 25mA minimum DC power supply works)
  • National Instruments GPIB card and cable
  • Perl script for controlling the FPGA development kit and measurement equipment
  • Windows PC

Take special care and use proper equipment when testing the MAXREFDES71# design. Duplication of the presented test data requires a signal source with higher accuracy than the design being tested. A low distortion signal source is absolutely required to duplicate the presented results. The input signal was generated using the Audio Precision SYS-2722. The FFTs were created using the FFT control in SignalLab from Mitov Software.


Figure 4. AC FFT for channel 1 (AIN1) using on-board power, a differential -12V to +12V, 20kHz sine wave input signal, a 400ksps sample rate, and a Blackman-Harris window at room temperature.


Figure 5. DC histogram for channel 1 (AIN1) using on-board pwer; a 0V DC input signal; a 400ksps sample rate; 65,536 samples; a code spread of 6 LSBs with 98.6% of the codes falling within the three center LSBs; and a standard deviation of 0.664 at room temperature.


Figure 6. INL for -10V to +10V output range, with 20% overrange.


Figure 7. DNL for -10V to +10V output range, with 20% overrange.


Figure 8. Output error for -10V to +10V output range, with 20% overrange.


Figure 9. INL for -20mA to +20mA output range, with 20% overrange.


Figure 10. DNL for -20mA to +20mA output range, with 20% overrange.


Figure 11. Output error for -20mA to +20mA output range, with 20% overrange.

ARM is a registered trademark and registered service mark of ARM Limited.
Audio Precision is a registered trademark of Audio Precision, Inc.
Cortex is a registered trademark of ARM Limited.
Eclipse is a trademark of Eclipse Foundation, Inc.
Windows is a registered trademark and registered service mark of Microsoft Corporation.
Xilinx is a registered trademark and registered service mark of Xilinx, Inc.
ZedBoard is a trademark of ZedBoard.org
Zynq is a registered trademark of Xilinx, Inc.

Parametrics

Input Type Vin(Min) Vin(Max) Iout(Max) Single/Multiple Output Vout(V) Pout(W) Isolated/Non-Isolated Topology
DC 24 - - - - - - -

Parametrics

Input Type DC
Vin(Min) 24
Vin(Max) -
Iout(Max) -
Single/Multiple Output -
Vout(V) -
Pout(W) -
Isolated/Non-Isolated -
Topology -

Maxim Devices (8)

Part Number Name Product Family Order Design kits and evaluation modules
MAX9633 Dual 36V Op Amp for 18-Bit SAR ADC Front-End Amplifiers Buy Now Design Kits
MAX11166 16-Bit, 500ksps, ±5V SAR ADC with Internal Reference in TDFN Analog-to-Digital Converters Buy Now Design Kits
MAX6126 Ultra-High-Precision, Ultra-Low-Noise, Series Voltage Reference Voltage References Buy Now Design Kits
MAX14850 Six-Channel Digital Isolator Isolation Buy Now Design Kits
MAX5316 16-Bit, ±1 LSB Accuracy Voltage Output DAC with SPI Interface Digital-to-Analog Converters Buy Now Design Kits
MAX13256 36V H-Bridge Transformer Driver for Isolated Supplies Isolated Power Buy Now Design Kits
MAX8719 High-Voltage, Low-Power Linear Regulators for Notebook Computers Linear Regulators (LDOs) Buy Now Design Kits
MAX8881 12V, Ultra-Low-IQ, Low-Dropout Linear Regulators with POK Linear Regulators (LDOs) Buy Now Design Kits

Maxim Devices (8)

Part Number Product Family
Amplifiers
Dual 36V Op Amp for 18-Bit SAR ADC Front-End
Analog-to-Digital Converters
16-Bit, 500ksps, ±5V SAR ADC with Internal Reference in TDFN
Voltage References
Ultra-High-Precision, Ultra-Low-Noise, Series Voltage Reference
Isolation
Six-Channel Digital Isolator
Digital-to-Analog Converters
16-Bit, ±1 LSB Accuracy Voltage Output DAC with SPI Interface
Isolated Power
36V H-Bridge Transformer Driver for Isolated Supplies
Linear Regulators (LDOs)
High-Voltage, Low-Power Linear Regulators for Notebook Computers
Linear Regulators (LDOs)
12V, Ultra-Low-IQ, Low-Dropout Linear Regulators with POK

Design Files (6)

Title Type Size Date
No Title PDF 381KB 2019-07-09
rd71v01_00 ZIP 25MB 2019-07-09
MAXREFDES71BMB.xls PDF 14KB 2019-07-09
rd71_zed_v01_00 ZIP 23MB 2019-07-09
No Title PDF 2MB 2019-07-09
maxrefdes71_cad_ra ZIP 398KB 2019-07-09
Date Type
2019-07-09

No Title

(PDF, 381KB)

2019-07-09

rd71v01_00

(ZIP, 25MB)

2019-07-09

MAXREFDES71BMB.xls

(PDF, 14KB)

2019-07-09

rd71_zed_v01_00

(ZIP, 23MB)

2019-07-09

No Title

(PDF, 2MB)

2019-07-09

maxrefdes71_cad_ra

(ZIP, 398KB)

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