Reference Circuit 4530

Reference Design for a PC-Based Oscilloscope



Introduction

This reference design provides everything needed to implement an oscilloscope (Figure 1) based around the MAX1396EVKIT (reference design requires the MAX1396ETB ADC to be replaced with the MAX1393ETB ADC) and a PC. Included are schematics, Windows® software, and microcontroller firmware. The example firmware is a C program written and assembled specifically for the MAXQ2000 using the IAR Embedded Workbench®. Download the free IAR Embedded Workbench for MAXQ® 1.13C, 4K KickStart Edition. 

Figure 1. The PC-based oscilloscope.

The PC-based oscilloscope. Enlarge+

Introduction

This reference design provides everything needed to implement an oscilloscope (Figure 1) based around theMAX1396EVKIT (reference design requires the MAX1396ETB ADC to be replaced with the MAX1393ETB ADC) and a PC. Included are schematics, Windows® software, and microcontroller firmware. The example firmware is a C program written and assembled specifically for the MAXQ2000 using the IAR Embedded Workbench®Download the free IAR Embedded Workbench for MAXQ® 1.13C, 4K KickStart Edition. 

Figure 1. The PC-based oscilloscope.
Figure 1. The PC-based oscilloscope.

MAX1393 Overview

The MAX1393 is a 312.5ksps, 1-channel, true-differential, 12-bit SAR ADC. This reference design uses the MAX1393 to capture the input wave signals.

Hardware Overview

The MAX1396EVKIT consists of one MAX1396 ADC (which will be replaced by a MAX1393 device for this design); one MAXQ2000 microcontroller; all required passive components; and a proven PCB layout. The MAX1396EVKIT schematic is shown in Figure 2

The MAX1393 is not present on the MAX1396EVKIT board. Order a sample of MAX1393ETB through Maxim's website and replace the MAX1396ETB device on the board. Table 1 shows the required jumper settings.

Figure 2. MAX1396EVKIT schematic.
More detailed image
 (PDF, 19kB)
Figure 2. MAX1396EVKIT schematic.

Table 1. Jumper Settings

Jumper Position
JU1 1-2
JU2 1-2
JU3 1-2
JU4 1-2
JU5 1-2
JU6 1-2
JU7 1-2

Firmware Overview

The example C program files in AN4530-firmware.zip allow the MAXQ2000's SPI peripheral to communicate with the MAX1393. The SPI serial clock is 5MHz when a 20MHz system clock is used for the MAXQ2000. When the MAXQ2000 receives a command from the PC, the microcontroller will start taking input signal data from the MAX1393. After 512 sampled data are stored, the MAXQ2000 will send them back to the PC.

Windows Program Overview

Once the MAX1396EVKIT is connected to the PC through a USB cable, the firmware waits for the commands from the Windows program, shown in Figure 3. Press the Convert button to receive the input signal's sampled data from the EV kit; data will be displayed with a waveform (Figure 4). When the mouse cursor is placed over the waveform area, the corresponding Time and Voltage level will be displayed at the top of the screen (Figure 5). All other software functions are described in Table 2.

Figure 3. Windows program starts up for the MAX1393 reference design.
Figure 3. Windows program starts up for the MAX1393 reference design.

Figure 4. Display waveform.
Figure 4. Display waveform.

Figure 5. Time and voltage level are displayed at the top.
Figure 5. Time and voltage level are displayed at the top.

Table 2. Software Functions

Button Description
Vertically scales the waveform.
Horizontally scales the waveform.
Shifts the waveform horizontally.
Enter a value (in milliseconds) into the edit box and press the Set button to set the starting time at the left of the screen.
Enter a value (in milliseconds) into the edit box and press the Set button to set the ending time at the right of the screen.
Enter a value (in milliseconds) into the edit box and press the Set button to set the sampling time.
Enter a proper trigger-level value into this edit box.
Click on one of the two radio buttons to choose either rising-edge triggering or falling-edge triggering.
Press this button to receive input-signal data from the EV kit board and display the waveform on the screen.
Select this checkbox to receive continuous data from the EV kit and continuous updates to the waveform on the screen.
Press this button to redraw the waveform on the screen.
Press this button to exit the program.

IAR Embedded Workbench is a registered trademark of IAR Systems AB.
MAXQ is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.
Windows is a registered trademark and registered service mark of Microsoft Corporation.

 
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MAX1393
1.5V to 3.6V, 312.5ksps, 1-Channel True-Differential/2-Channel Single-Ended, 12-Bit, SAR ADCs

  • 312.5ksps, 12-Bit Successive-Approximation Register (SAR) ADCs
  • Single True-Differential Analog Input Channel with Unipolar-/Bipolar-Select Input (MAX1393)
  • Dual Single-Ended Input Channel with Channel-Select Input (MAX1396)