REFERENCE SCHEMATIC 4274

WiBro Reference Design with the MAX2837


Abstract: The WiBro™ reference design is a complete RF front-end solution designed to meet requirements for the WiBro 2.3GHz to 2.4GHz mobile WMAN (Wireless Metropolitan Area Network) standard. This reference design uses the MAX2837 direct-conversion transceiver and demonstrates a complete WiBro single-band RF-to-baseband solution. It serves as a platform for designs in multiple form factors such as CardBus, miniPCI, and custom CPE modules. The design can be easily adapted for WiBro-only 3.3V laptop applications, or WiBro-only 5.0V CPE applications.

Figure 1.The WiBro reference design features the MAX2837 direct-conversion transceiver.
Figure 1.The WiBro reference design features the MAX2837 direct-conversion transceiver.


Important Design Features

  • Complete RF-to-Baseband WiBro Solution
  • +23dBm Transmit Power at 5% EVM and Meets Spectral Mask Requirements
  • -79dBm Receive Sensitivity at 10% EVM
  • 60dB of Transmit Gain-Control Range
  • 94dB of Receive Gain-Control Range
  • Optimized Low-Current Modes


Figure 2. Block diagram for the WiBro reference design.
More detailed image
(PDF, 324kB)
Figure 2. Block diagram for the WiBro reference design.


Lab Measurements

Supply Current Summary

VBATT = +3.6V, VCC = +2.85V, TA = +25°C
Parameter Test Conditions Measured Units
Shutdown Supply Current MAX2837 and PA in shutdown; regulators and VCTCXO still active 1.8 mA
Idle Supply Current MAX2837 in idle mode; PA in shutdown; regulators and VCTCXO active 34.8 mA
Transmit Supply Current 16 QAM, ¾ FEC coding rate, POUT = +24dBm, EVM = 5% 392.6 mA
Receive Supply Current In Low-current mode 79 mA
Nominal current mode 96.2

Receive Summary

VBATT = +3.6V, VCC = +2.85V, fRF = 2347MHz, VOUT = 90mVRMS, WiBro signal, RF specs are antenna referred, TA = +25°C
Parameter Test Conditions Measured Units
DC Offset I channels 6.8 mV
Q channels 4.5
VGA Gain Step Size   2 dB
Receive Gain-Control Range Max to min VGA gain 61.7 dB
Receive LNA Gain Step Attenuation from 0dB to -16dB -15.9 dB
Attenuation from 0dB to -32dB 32.1
Gain Variation over Temperature TA = -40°C to +85°C LNA gain = 0dB -5.2 dB
LNA gain = -16dB -5.3
LNA gain = -32dB -3
Gain Variation over Frequency fLO = 2304MHz to fLO = 2396MHz 0.2 dB
Sensitivity at Low Supply Current¹ 64 QAM, ¾ FEC coding rate, 10% EVM at sensitivity -79.8 dBm
16 QAM, ¾ FEC coding rate, 20% EVM at sensitivity -90.7
Sensitivity at Nominal Supply Current¹ 64 QAM, ¾ FEC coding rate, 10% EVM at sensitivity -80.4 dBm
16 QAM, ¾ FEC coding rate, 20% EVM at sensitivity -91.3
¹Rx EVM limits are at BB I/Q Rx outputs, and are given in the IEEE® 802.16e specification Table 338, "Receiver SNR Assumptions." The assumption is that this EVM for this modulation rate is sufficient to meet 1e-6 BER.

Transmit Summary

VBATT = +3.6V, VCC = +2.85V, fRF = 2347MHz, VIN = 90mVRMS, WiBro signal, RF specs are antenna referred, TA = +25°C
Parameter Test Conditions Measured Units
LO Leakage Q = 640/352µA, I = 576/416µA -39.6 dBc
Sideband Suppression I/Q phase = -0.5° -52.5 dBc
Transmit Power-Control Range Including PA gain step 64.5 dB
Gain Variation over Frequency fLO = 2304MHz to fLO = 2396MHz 1.9 dB
Transmit EVM 16 QAM, ¾ FEC coding rate, POUT = +24dBm, meeting spectral mask 4.1 %
16 QAM, ¾ FEC coding rate, POUT = +23dBm, meeting spectral mask 3.5


Transmit Operating Characteristics


Figure 3. Output EVM for the reference design. The WiBro reference design delivers more than 23dBm of output power at the antenna, while meeting the required EVM specification of 5.5% over the entire 2.3GHz to 2.4GHz band.
Figure 3. Output EVM for the reference design. The WiBro reference design delivers more than 23dBm of output power at the antenna, while meeting the required EVM specification of 5.5% over the entire 2.3GHz to 2.4GHz band.


Figure 4. Transmit capture for the reference design. This capture shows the transmit spectrum, EVM constellation, and spectrum of the reference design at 23dBm of output power at the antenna. Measured EVM = 3.9% at 23dBm at 2.347GHz.
Figure 4. Transmit capture for the reference design. This capture shows the transmit spectrum, EVM constellation, and spectrum of the reference design at 23dBm of output power at the antenna. Measured EVM = 3.9% at 23dBm at 2.347GHz.


Figure 5. 2.35GHz, 10MHz spectral mask using ETSI EN 301 021 F mask. This capture shows that the WiBro reference design meets the ETSI-EN-301-021F spectral mask at 23dBm of output power at the antenna.
Figure 5. 2.35GHz, 10MHz spectral mask using ETSI-EN-301-021F mask. This capture shows that the WiBro reference design meets the ETSI-EN-301-021F spectral mask at 23dBm of output power at the antenna.


Figure 6. Receive gain characteristic across the 2.3GHz to 2.4GHz band. Gain variation over frequency is less than 0.2dB. Gain-control range, not including LNA gain steps, is 62dB, approximately 2dB per gain step.
Figure 6. Receive gain characteristic across the 2.3GHz to 2.4GHz band. Gain variation over frequency is less than 0.2dB. Gain-control range, not including LNA gain steps, is 62dB, approximately 2dB per gain step.


Figure 7. Gain characteristic across three LNA gain attenuations and temperatures. Gain variation over temperature for LNA attenuations 0dB and -16dB is approximately 5dB, and roughly 3dB for -32dB gain attenuation.
Figure 7. Gain characteristic across three LNA gain attenuations and temperatures. Gain variation over temperature for LNA attenuations 0dB and -16dB is approximately 5dB, and roughly 3dB for -32dB gain attenuation.


Detailed Description

The WiBro reference design includes the following components: MAX2837 direct-conversion transceiver, Micro Mobio MMPA372X PA, MAX8510 regulators, Murata balanced-to-unbalanced SAW bandpass filters, Hexawave HWS466 SPDT Tx/Rx switch, and Vishay Si1563DH load switch.

The MAX2837 is a single-chip, wideband, direct-conversion transceiver designed for 2.3GHz to 2.7GHz WiBro and WiMax radios. The transceiver is fully equipped with an on-chip broadband VCO, fast settling sigma delta RF synthesizer, crystal oscillator, programmable lowpass filters, proprietary DC offset cancellation, I/Q error and carrier leakage detection circuits. The MAX2837 offers less than 1.4% of transmit EVM at -3dBm driver output power, and receive sensitivity better than -79dBm. When integrated with the MMPA372X PA and Murata BPF, the reference design can deliver at least 23dBm of output power at the antenna, while meeting WiBro EVM and spectral-mask requirements with margin.

IEEE is a registered service mark of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

WiBro is a registered trademark of the Telecommunications Technology Association.

WiMAX is a registered certification mark and registered service mark of the WiMAX Forum.



Related Parts
MAX2837 2.3GHz to 2.7GHz Wireless Broadband RF Transceiver Samples  


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© Sep 11, 2008, Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.
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APP 4274: Sep 11, 2008
REFERENCE SCHEMATIC 4274, AN4274, AN 4274, APP4274, Appnote4274, Appnote 4274