Frequency Calculator for the DS1090
Abstract: This application note presents an easy-to-use frequency calculator for determining the proper ordering option, discrete bias resistor selection, and input settings for the DS1090 low-frequency, resistor-programmable, spread-spectrum EconOscillator™. The DS1090 is capable of generating a spread-spectrum, square wave output between 125kHz and 8MHz. This spread-spectrum system function is important when EMI is a concern for the end application, such as a switched-mode power supply.
Need for the Calculator
The data sheet for the DS1090 shows: 1) how to select the proper ordering part number, 2) how to manually calculate the external bias resistor value necessary to achieve the desired output frequency, and 3) how to set the external pin connections to achieve the desired output modulation. The Frequency Calculator, however, is an intuitive, fast method for the user to experiment and reach an optimal solution with minimum effort.
The DS1090 Frequency Calculator was developed using Excel® 97 and should function on any platform with Excel 97 (or any newer version). A screen shot of the calculator is shown in Figure 1.
The user must input, at the very minimum, the Item 1 value.
- The first input is the Desired Output Frequency (fOUT), which is entered in kHz. Allowable frequencies range from 125.0kHz to 8000.0kHz. An error message will appear if an incorrect value is entered.
The Frequency Calculator will then present the DS1090 ordering information (specifying the correct divisor), Master Oscillator Frequency in kHz, and bias resistor (RSET) value necessary to achieve the desired output center frequency. The Master Oscillator Frequency (fMOSC) is displayed solely to assist the user in calculating the dithering frequency (Item 3), and is not part of the ordering information. Bias resistors will range in value from approximately 45kΩ to 91kΩ.
- The second input is the Desired Dither Amount. If output dithering is not required, the default value of '0' corresponds to 0% (no dither). Note that the Dithering Frequency (fMOD) value shows "Disabled". Otherwise, the user should enter '2', '4', or '8' in the Item 2 box, representing the 2%, 4%, or 8% output frequency dithering range available. Resulting circuit connections for pins J0 and J1 are displayed in the INPUT PIN SETTINGS section of the calculator.
If the Desired Dither Amount is '0', skip Item 3 and connect pins J0, J1, JC0, and JC1 to ground as indicated. Do not float any of the four dither control input pins.
- A valid nonzero entry in Dither Amount will also result in a display of the Dither Frequency in kHz. The last input is the Dither Frequency selection, and represents one of the four possible settings for the fMOD calculation. The default is '0', corresponding to a dither frequency of fMOSC/512. If a lower dithering frequency is desired, the user enters '1', '2', or '3', which correspond to the different frequencies shown in the calculator. Resulting circuit connections for pins JC0 and JC1 are displayed in the INPUT PIN SETTINGS section of the calculator.
Interpreting the Results
Once the inputs are correctly entered, the Frequency Calculator presents the related frequency answers in kHz, the RSET resistor value in kΩ, and the pin connections as Logic 0 or 1 states.
The Frequency Calculator allows the user to easily obtain correct values for ordering and pin connections to achieve the correct output frequency and dithering required from the DS1090.
Questions, comments, and suggestions concerning this application note can be sent to: .
EconOscillator is a trademark of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.
Excel is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
||Low-Frequency, Spread-Spectrum EconOscillator
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|© Dec 22, 2005, Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.
APP 3692: Dec 22, 2005
APPLICATION NOTE 3692,