应用笔记 357

DS21Q42 vs. DS21Q41B


摘要 : This application note describes the hardware and software differences between the Dallas Semiconductor DS21Q42 and the DS21Q41B quad port framer devices. The DS21Q42 enhanced quad T1 framer offers a broader feature set while retaining the original features of the DS21Q41B. As such, the designer must decide on what changes need to be made in software and hardware when migrating to the DS21Q42 from the DS21Q41B quad T1 framer. Any designer who is thinking of upgrading an existing design to use the DS21Q42 should read this application note. The application note contains detailed information for software migration such as: register location changes, how individual functions have changed from the DS21Q41B to the DS21Q42, and which new functions are available on the DS21Q42. It also covers migration for the hardware interface and covers new functions that are available in the DS21Q42. In the end, the designer should have enough information to easily migrate an existing design which uses the DS21Q41B to the DS21Q42 device.

Introduction

This application note highlights the differences between the DS21Q42 and the DS21Q41B Quad T1 Framers. The DS21Q42 is a superset of the DS21Q41B. The DS21Q42 is only offered in a 3.3 volt version with 5 volt tolerant I/O. All of the original features of the DS21Q41B have been retained and software created for the DS21Q41B is transferable to the DS21Q42 with minimal effort.

2.0 Additional Functionality

New Features Data Sheet Section
Framer Mode Select (FMS) hardware pin provides DS21Q41B emulation mode 1
8.192 MHz clock synthesizer 1 & 3
CRC6 support for Japanese standard 6
Expanded receive and transmit elastic store reset functions 6
Device ID register 6
RCL, RLOS, RRA, and RAIS alarms now interrupt on change of state 7
Loss of Receive clock indication 7
Ability to monitor one DS0 channel in both the transmit and receive paths 9
Additional hardware signaling capability including:
  • Receive signaling re-insertion to a backplane multiframe sync
  • Signaling freezing
10
Per-channel code insertion in both transmit and receive paths 11
Per-channel loopback 11
Ability to pass the F-Bit position through the elastic stores in the 2.048 MHz backplane mode 13
HDLC controller
  • 64-byte buffers
  • Configurable for FDL or DS0 access
14
Programmable inband code generation and detection 16
Interleaved PCM bus operation 18
TAG support 19
3.3V operation with 5V tolerant I/O 21

3.0 Changes in Register Definitions

When implementing the new features of the DS21Q42, a priority was placed on preserving the DS21Q41B's register map to facilitate code migration from existing DS21Q41B designs. This section highlights register additions and differences found in the DS21Q42.

3.1 Register Map Comparison

Address R/W DS21Q42 Register Name DS21Q41B Register Name
00 R/W FDL Control Not Present
01 R/W FDL Status Not Present
02 R/W FDL Interrupt Mask Not Present
03 R/W Receive Performance Report Message Not Present
04 R/W Receive Bit Oriented Code Not Present
05 R Receive FDL FIFO Not Present
06 R/W Transmit Performance Report Message Not Present
07 R/W Transmit Bit Oriented Code Not Present
08 W Transmit FDL FIFO Not Present
09 R/W Test Register Not Present
0A R/W Common Control 7 Not Present
0B Not Present Not Present
0C Not Present Not Present
0D Not Present Not Present
0E Not Present Not Present
0F R Device ID Not Present
10 R/W Receive Information 3 Not Present
11 R/W Common Control 4 Not Present
12 R/W In-Band Code Control Not Present
13 R/W Transmit Code Definition Not Present
14 R/W Receive Up Code Definition Not Present
15 R/W Receive Down Code Definition Not Present
16 R/W Transmit Channel Control 1 Not Present
17 R/W Transmit Channel Control 2 Not Present
18 R/W Transmit Channel Control 3 Not Present
19 R/W Common Control 5 Not Present
1A R Transmit DS0 Monitor Not Present
1B R/W Receive Channel Control 1 Not Present
1C R/W Receive Channel Control 2 Not Present
1D R/W Receive Channel Control 3 Not Present
1E R/W Common Control 6 Not Present
1F R Receive DS0 Monitor Not Present
20 R/W Status 1 Same
21 R/W Status 2 Bit Difference
22 R/W Receive Information 1 Same
23 R Line Code Violation Count 1 Same
24 R Line Code Violation Count 2 Same
25 R Path Code Violation Count 1 Same
26 R Path Code Violation Count 2 Same
27 R Multiframe Out of Sync Count 2 Same
28 R Receive FDL Register Same
29 R/W Receive FDL Match 1 Same
2A R/W Receive FDL Match 2 Same
2B R/W Receive Control 1 Same
2C R/W Receive Control 2 Same
2D R/W Receive Mark 1 Same
2E R/W Receive Mark 2 Same
2F R/W Receive Mark 3 Same
30 R/W Common Control 3 Bit Difference
31 R/W Receive Information 2 Same
32 R/W Transmit Channel Blocking 1 Same
33 R/W Transmit Channel Blocking 2 Same
34 R/W Transmit Channel Blocking 3 Same
35 R/W Transmit Control 1 Same
36 R/W Transmit Control 2 Same
37 R/W Common Control 1 Same
38 R/W Common Control 2 Same
39 R/W Transmit Transparency 1 Same
3A R/W Transmit Transparency 2 Same
3B R/W Transmit Transparency 3 Same
3C R/W Transmit Idle 1 Same
3D R/W Transmit Idle 2 Same
3E R/W Transmit Idle 3 Same
3F R/W Transmit Idle Definition Same
40 R/W Transmit Channel 9 Not Present
41 R/W Transmit Channel 10 Not Present
42 R/W Transmit Channel 11 Not Present
43 R/W Transmit Channel 12 Not Present
44 R/W Transmit Channel 13 Not Present
45 R/W Transmit Channel 14 Not Present
46 R/W Transmit Channel 15 Not Present
47 R/W Transmit Channel 16 Not Present
48 R/W Transmit Channel 17 Not Present
49 R/W Transmit Channel 18 Not Present
4A R/W Transmit Channel 19 Not Present
4B R/W Transmit Channel 20 Not Present
4C R/W Transmit Channel 21 Not Present
4D R/W Transmit Channel 22 Not Present
4E R/W Transmit Channel 23 Not Present
4F R/W Transmit Channel 24 Not Present
50 R/W Transmit Channel 1 Not Present
51 R/W Transmit Channel 2 Not Present
52 R/W Transmit Channel 3 Not Present
53 R/W Transmit Channel 4 Not Present
54 R/W Transmit Channel 5 Not Present
55 R/W Transmit Channel 6 Not Present
56 R/W Transmit Channel 7 Not Present
57 R/W Transmit Channel 8 Not Present
58 R/W Receive Channel 17 Not Present
59 R/W Receive Channel 18 Not Present
5A R/W Receive Channel 19 Not Present
5B R/W Receive Channel 20 Not Present
5C R/W Receive Channel 21 Not Present
5D R/W Receive Channel 22 Not Present
5E R/W Receive Channel 23 Not Present
5F RW Receive Channel 24 Not Present
60 R Receive Signaling 1 Same
61 R Receive Signaling 2 Same
62 R Receive Signaling 3 Same
63 R Receive Signaling 4 Same
64 R Receive Signaling 5 Same
65 R Receive Signaling 6 Same
66 R Receive Signaling 7 Same
67 R Receive Signaling 8 Same
68 R Receive Signaling 9 Same
69 R Receive Signaling 10 Same
6A R Receive Signaling 11 Same
6B R Receive Signaling 12 Same
6C R/W Receive Channel Blocking 1 Same
6D R/W Receive Channel Blocking 2 Same
6E R/W Receive Channel Blocking 3 Same
6F R/W Interrupt Mask 2 Bit Difference
70 R/W Transmit Signaling 1 Same
71 R/W Transmit Signaling 2 Same
72 R/W Transmit Signaling 3 Same
73 R/W Transmit Signaling 4 Same
74 R/W Transmit Signaling 5 Same
75 R/W Transmit Signaling 6 Same
76 R/W Transmit Signaling 7 Same
77 R/W Transmit Signaling 8 Same
78 R/W Transmit Signaling 9 Same
79 R/W Transmit Signaling 10 Same
7A R/W Transmit Signaling 11 Same
7B R/W Transmit Signaling 12 Same
7C Not Present Test Register
7D R/W Test Register Test Register
7E R/W Transmit FDL Register Same
7F R/W Interrupt Mask Register 1 Same
80 R/W Receive Channel 1 Not Present
81 R/W Receive Channel 2 Not Present
82 R/W Receive Channel 3 Not Present
83 R/W Receive Channel 4 Not Present
84 R/W Receive Channel 5 Not Present
85 R/W Receive Channel 6 Not Present
86 R/W Receive Channel 7 Not Present
87 R/W Receive Channel 8 Not Present
88 R/W Receive Channel 9 Not Present
89 R/W Receive Channel 10 Not Present
8A R/W Receive Channel 11 Not Present
8B R/W Receive Channel 12 Not Present
8C R/W Receive Channel 13 Not Present
8D R/W Receive Channel 14 Not Present
8E R/W Receive Channel 15 Not Present
8F R/W Receive Channel 16 Not Present
90 R/W Receive HDLC DS0 Control Register 1 Not Present
91 R/W Receive HDLC DS0 Control Register 2 Not Present
92 R/W Transmit HDLC DS0 Control Register 1 Not Present
93 R/W Transmit HDLC DS0 Control Register 2 Not Present
94 R/W Interleave Bus Operation Register Not Present
95 Not Present Not Present
96 Not Present Not Present
97 Not Present Not Present
98 Not Present Not Present
99 Not Present Not Present
9A Not Present Not Present
9B Not Present Not Present
9C Not Present Not Present
9D Not Present Not Present
9E Not Present Not Present
9F Not Present Not Present
NOTE: Test Registers 1 and 2 are used only by the factory; these registers must be cleared (set to all zeros) on power up initialization to insure proper operation.

3.2 New Feature Register Usage

Highlights specific registers containing bit locations related to new features. Each item can be found in the data sheet under the listed sections.

3.2.1 Device Identification (section 6)
Register Description
IDR Device Identification Register

3.2.2 Expanded Elastic Stores Reset Functions (section 6)
Register Description
CCR5 Common Control 5
CCR6 Common Control 6

3.2.3 Loss of Receive Clock (section 6)
Register Description
RIR3 Receive Information Register 3

3.2.4 Japanese CRC6 Mode (section 6)
Register Description
CCR5 Common Control 5
CCR6 Common Control 6

3.2.5 Interrupt on Change of State for RCL, RLOS, RRA, RAIS (section 7)
Register Description
SR2 Status Register 2
IMR2 Interrupt Mask Register 2

3.2.6 DS0 Monitoring (section 9)
Register Description
CCR5 Common Control 5
CCR6 Common Control 6
TDS0M Transmit DS0 Monitor
RDS0M Receive DS0 Monitor

3.2.7 Hardware Based Signaling (section 10.2)
Register Description
CCR4 Common Control 4

3.2.8 Per Channel Loopback (section 11)
Register Description
CCR4 Common Control 4
TIR1-TIR3 Transmit Idle

3.2.9 Per Channel Code Generation (section 11)
Register Description
TCC1-TCC3 Transmit Channel Control 1-3
TC1-TC24 Transmit Channels 1-24 Codes
RCC1-RCC3 Receive Channel Control 1-3
RC1-RC24 Receive Channels 1-24 Codes

3.2.10 On Chip HDLC & BOC Controller For FDL Support (section 15.1)
Register Description
TCR1 Transmit Control Register 1
FDLC FDL Control
FDLS FDL Status
FIMR FDL Interrupt Mask
RPRM Receive Performance Report Message
RBOC Receive Bit Oriented Message
RFFR Receive FDL FIFO
TPRM Transmit Performance Report Message
TBOC Transmit Bit Oriented Code
TFFR Transmit FDL FIFO
RDC1 Receive HDLC DS0 Control Register 1
RDC2 Receive HDLC DS0 Control Register 2
TDC1 Transmit HDLC DS0 Control Register 1
TDC2 Transmit HDLC DS0 Control Register 2

3.2.11 Programmable In-Band Code Generation & Detection (section 16)
Register Description
CCR3 Common Control 3
IBCC In-Band Code Control
TCD Transmit Code Definition
RUPCD Receive Up Code Definition
RDNCD Receive Down Code Definition
SR1 Status Register 1

3.2.12 Interleave Bus Operation (section 18)
Register Description
IBO Interleave Bus Operation Register

3.3 Bit Assignment Changes within Existing Registers

Highlights bit locations in the DS21Q42 which have changed from the DS21Q41B.

Register Bit # DS21Q42
Function
DS21Q41B
Function
CCR3 0 TESMDM Not Assigned
CCR3 1 TLOOP TLU
CCR3 2 ECUS TLD
       
CCR3 6 TCLKSRC ESR
CCR3 7 RESMDM ESMDM
       
SR2 0 RSC LORC
       
IMR2 0 RSC LORC

3.4 Register Bit Moves

Register DS21Q42 Function DS21Q41B Function
ESR CCR6 & CCR7 CCR3
LORC RIR3.4 SR2.0

4.0 Changes in Device Pin Out

4.1 Package types

The DS21Q42 is offered in the same package as the DS21Q41B (128-pin 20 x 20 x 1.4 mm TQFP). Values listed are for body dimensions.

4.2 Device Pin Differences

Pin DS21Q42 DS21Q41B
9 RSIG0
[RCHCLK0]
RCHCLK0
16 SPARE
[RMSYNC0]
RMSYNC0
18 Active-Low JTRST [RLOS/LOTC0] RLOS/LOTC0
34 TSIG1 [TCHCLK1] TCHCLK1
43 RSIG1 [RCHCLK1] RCHCLK1
46 A7 VSS
47 FMS VDD
50 JTMS [RMSYNC1] RMSYNC1
52 JTCLK [RLOS/LOTC1] RLOS/LOTC1
62 Active-Low RD / (Active-Low RD) Active-Low RD / (Active-Low RD)
68 TSIG2 [TCHCLK2] TCHCLK2
77 RSIG2 [RCHCLK2] RCHCLK2
84 JTDI [RMSYNC2] RMSYNC2
86 JTDO [RLOS/LOTC2] RLOS/LOTC2
94 TSIG3 [TCHCLK3] TCHCLK3
103 RSIG3 [RCHCLK3] RCHCLK3
108 8MCLK [RMSYNC3] RMSYNC3
112 CLKSI [RLOS/LOTC3] RLOS/LOTC3
128 TSIG0 [TCHCLK0] TCHCLK0
NOTE: Brackets [ ] indicate pin function when the DS21Q42 is configured for emulation of the DS21Q41B, (FMS = 1).

5.0 Operating the DS21Q42 in DS21Q41B

Emulation Mode

The DS21Q42 is a superset of the DS21Q41B and can be configured to emulate the latter. This mode is enabled by tying the Framer Mode Select (FMS) pin to VCC since the DS21Q42 supports an expanded register set, the A7 address pin was added to the device. Although the DS21Q42 does not require the functionality associated with the additional registers when in DS21Q41B emulation mode, the A7 pin must be used. This is necessary because the device does not automatically clear its register space on power-up. After the supplies are stable, each of four framers register space should be configured for operation by writing to all of the internal registers. This can be accomplished in a two-pass approach on each framer.
  1. Clear framers register space by writing 00h to the addresses 00h through BFh.
  2. Program required registers to achieve desired operating mode.