系统板 5879

MAXREFDES36#:16通道IO-LINK数字输入集线器



MAXREFDES36#系统板 MAXREFDES36#系统板 放大+

概述

可编程逻辑控制器(PLC)和分布式控制系统(DCS)使用的数字输入信号比其它任何输入信号类型组合都要多。将工业数字输入的连接线并联至PLC不但费用昂贵,而且也容易造成布线像老鼠窝一样,难以维护。现场总线将I/O接口从PLC移到现场传感器附近的远端I/O集线器,大大改善了这一状况。然而,缺乏一个单一的,普遍接受的现场总线也会造成了混乱,挑战培训,成本高,以及设备之间兼容问题1

IO-Link是第一种开放式、现场总线无关、低成本、点对点串行通信总线协议,用于与传感器和执行器通信,已经被采纳为国际标准(IEC 61131-9)2。IO-Link最终标准化了全世界工业设备的互操作性。IO-Link可直接由PLC操作,或者集成到任何标准现场总线,使其快速成为与MAXREFDES36#等智能设备通信的事实标准。

MAXREFDES36#为16通道IO-Link数字输入集线器,安装在53.75mm x 72mm小尺寸印刷电路板(PCB)上。Maxim Integrated和Technologie Management Gruppe Technologie und Engineering (TMG TE)通力协作,将MAXREFDES36#设计为兼容第1.1/1.0版IO-Link协议的数字输入集线器参考设计。MAXREFDES36#设计包括行业标准的Maxim Integrated IO-Link设备收发器(MAX14821);高效率、高电压、降压型转换器(MAX17552);Renesas®超低功耗、16位微控制器(RL78),使用TMG TE的IO-Link设备栈和两片Maxim Integrated数字输入串行器(MAX31913)。图1所示为系统方框图。


图1. MAXREFDES36#参考设计方框图。

特性

  • DIN导轨设计
  • IEC 61131-9
  • 兼容IO-Link第1.1和1.0版
  • 片上8:1串行化
  • 故障监测
  • 现场供电LED驱动器

竞争优势

  • 小尺寸
  • 低功耗
  • 低成本

应用

  • PLC数字输入模块
  • 生产线
  • 输送系统
  • 机器人
  • 过程控制和自动化
  • 工业自动化
  • PLC和DCS系统

Introduction

Programmable logic controllers (PLCs) and distributed control systems (DCSs) use more digital inputs than any other input signal type combined. Running wires in parallel back to the PLC for industrial digital inputs is not only expensive but also creates a wiring rat’s nest that is difficult to maintain. Field buses improved the situation considerably by moving the I/O interface from the PLC to a remote I/O hub mounted close to the field sensors. However, the lack of a single, universally accepted field bus has also created confusion, training challenges, high costs, and compatibility issues among equipment.1

IO-Link is the first open, field bus agnostic, low-cost, point-to-point serial communication protocol used for communicating with sensors and actuators that has been adopted as an international standard (IEC 61131-9).2 IO-Link finally standardizes interoperability of industrial equipment from all over the world. IO-Link can function directly from the PLC or can be integrated into all standard field buses, quickly making it the defacto standard for universally communicating with smart devices like the MAXREFDES36#.

The MAXREFDES36# is an IO-Link 16-channel digital input hub that fits on a small 53.75mm x 72mm printed circuit board (PCB). Maxim Integrated and Technologie Management Gruppe Technologie und Engineering (TMG TE) collaborated in designing the MAXREFDES36# as an IO-Link version 1.1/1.0 compliant digital input hub reference design. The MAXREFDES36# design consists of an industry standard Maxim Integrated IO-Link device transceiver (MAX14821), an efficient high-voltage step-down converter (MAX17552), a Renesas® ultra-low-power 16-bit microcontroller (RL78) utilizing TMG TE’s IO-Link device stack and two Maxim Integrated digital input serializers (MAX31913). Figure 1 shows the system block diagram.


Figure 1. The MAXREFDES36# reference design block diagram.

Detailed Description of Hardware

The MAXREFDES36# IO-Link 16-channel digital input hub is made up of four main blocks: IO-Link transceiver, step-down converter, digital input serializers, and microcontroller as shown in Figure 1.

The MAX14821 IO-Link device transceiver is IO-Link version 1.1/1.0 physical layer compliant with configurable outputs (push-pull, pnp or npn), reverse-polarity/short-circuit protection, extensive fault monitoring all in a tiny 2.5mm x 2.5mm WLP package.

The MAX17552 high-voltage synchronous step-down converter efficiently converts 24V to 5V with an ultra-small footprint.

The MAX31913 is an octal digital input serializer with LED drivers for input port indication. Other features include configurable input current limiting, fault monitoring, and an internal 5V regulator. There are two cascaded MAX31913 devices on the board allowing 16 digital inputs.

An ultra-low-power RL78/G1A microcontroller with current consumption down to 66µA/MHz provides system control. It features 64kB on-chip programmable flash memory, 4kB on-chip data flash, and operates down to 1.8V, all in a tiny 3mm x 3mm LGA package.

Transient voltage suppressor (TVS) diodes are not all equal. The SDC36 TVS diodes have a clamping voltage less than 55V and meet both IEC 61000-4-2 (ESD) and IEC 61000-4-4 (EFT). There are many smaller TVS diodes on the market that cannot meet these specifications.

Push-in terminal blocks are used for all sixteen digital inputs, 24V, and ground. The 24V is provided by the IO-Link master and provides a minimum of 200mA per the IO-Link specification. The PCB fits in an enclosure with an industry standard DIN rail clip at the back as shown in Figure 2a.


Figure 2a. The MAXREFDES36# reference design has a DIN rail clip.

The MAXREFDES36# uses an industry standard M12 connector allowing a 4-wire, or the conventional 3-wire, cable to be used, keeping costs low. The MAXREFDES36# consumes less than 10mA (typ).

Detailed Description of Software

The MAXREFDES36# was verified using TMG TE’s TMG IO-Link Device Tool V3, which comes with the purchase of the TMG-USB IO-Link master TS hardware. Contact TMG TE for more information. It was also verified using Balluff’s IO-Link Device Tool version 2.11.1, which comes with the purchase of the Balluff USB IO-Link master, part number BNI USB-901-000-A501 (see Figure 2b). Contact Balluff or one of their local distributors for ordering information. Download the IODD file (*.xml) located in the All Download Files section at the end of this document and go to the Quick Start section below for step-by-step instructions on how to use the software. Figure 3 shows a screen shot of the Balluff IO-Link Device Tool.


Figure 2b. The MAXREFDES36# reference design connected to a Balluff USB IO-Link Master.


Figure 3. Balluff’s IO-Link Device Tool version 2.11.1.

Detailed Description of Firmware

The MAXREFDES36# ships pre-programmed as a working IO-Link digital input hub ready to connect to an IO-Link master. The firmware targets a Renesas RL78 microcontroller and follows the simple flow chart shown in Figure 4. The firmware is written in C using the IAR embedded workbench from IAR Systems and utilizes TMG TE’s IO-Link device stack.


Figure 4. The MAXREFDES36# firmware flow chart.

Detailed Description of Firmware

After hot plug-in, the MAXREFDES36# waits for a wake-up signal from the IO-Link master. After receiving the wake-up signal, the MAXREFDES36# synchronizes to the IO-Link master’s 230.4kbps baud rate (COM3). Communication parameters are exchanged. The MAXREFDES36# then starts a cyclic data exchange every 1ms by sending the sensor process data to the IO-Link master. If the sensor is removed, the IO-Link master will detect a missing sensor.

Detailed Description of Use Cases

There are two different use cases that you should consider before purchasing MAXREFDES36#. Use case 1 is simply using the MAXREFDES36#, which is pre-programmed to connect with a user-supplied IO-Link master and IO-Link cable as shown in Figure 5. Use case 2 is where the entire firmware development system is needed as shown in Figure 6.


Figure 5. Use case 1 is the MAXREFDES36# quick start system.

Table 1. Recommended Components Needed for Use Case 1

Use Case 1 (MAXREFDES36# Quick Start System)
Company Description Orderable Part Number
Maxim Integrated IO-Link Digital Input Hub (ships programmed) MAXREFDES36#
Balluff USB IO-Link Master BNI USB-901-000-A501
Balluff IO-Link Cable (4-wire/2m) BCC05MC

 


Figure 6. Use case 2 is the MAXREFDES36# firmware development system.

Table 2. Recommended Components Needed for Use Case 2

Use Case 2 (RL78 IO-Link firmware development system—Renesas Starter Kit for RL78/G1A)
Company Description Orderable Part Number
Renesas Electronics Renesas Starter Kit for RL78/G1A
Includes:
IAR Embedded Workbench for Renesas RL78
Santa Cruz (MAXREFDES23#)
Programming Adaptor (MAXREFDES23DB#)
YRL78IOLINKMAX
Maxim Integrated IO-Link 16 Channel Digital Input Hub
(ships programmed, but is reprogrammable)
MAXREFDES36#
Renesas Electronics E1 Programmer/Debugger R0E000010KCE00
Balluff USB IO-Link Master BNI USB-901-000-A501
Balluff IO-Link Cable (4-wire/2m) BCC05MC

 

Source code is only provided with use case 2, which is the Renesas Starter Kit for RL78/G1A. Contact Renesas Electronics for more information.

Quick Start (Use Case 1)

Required Equipment:

Purchased from Maxim:

  • MAXREFDES36# board

User supplied:

  • Windows® PC with a USB port
  • Balluff USB IO-Link master, part number BNI USB-901-000-A501
  • Balluff IO-Link Device Tool (tested with version 2.11.1 and comes with IO-Link master)
  • M12 4-pin or 3-pin IO-Link cable (BCC05MC)

Note: Verify with Balluff that your version of Windows is supported before purchasing their software.

Download, read, and carefully follow each step in the MAXREFDES36# Quick Start Guide.

Lab Measurements

Equipment Used:

  • Windows 7 PC with USB port
  • MAXREFDES36# board
  • Programming adapter (MAXREFDES23DB#) board
  • Balluff USB IO-Link master, part number BNI USB-901-000-A501
  • Balluff IO-Link Device Tool (tested with version 2.11.1 and comes with IO-Link master)
  • M12 4-pin or 3-pin IO-Link cable
  • RD36_RL78_V01_00.ZIP (IODD file); where XX_XX = latest version from webpage
  • Fluke 189 Multimeter
  • Tektronix® TDS2024B—4-channel 200MHz/2Gsps oscilloscope

Figure 7 shows the typical total hub current for changing values of both hub-powered digital input codes as well as for the more common field-powered digital input codes. The point of this figure is to show that the MAXREFDES36# provides field-side LED drivers, requiring no power from the hub. Figure 8 shows an oscilloscope screen shot of the cyclic data exchange every 1ms from the MAXREFDES36# to the IO-Link master.


Figure 7. MAXREFDES36# HUB CURRENT vs. HUB-POWERED INPUT CODE vs. FIELD-POWERED INPUT CODE, IO-Link Power = 24V, at room temperature.


Figure 8. Cyclic data exchange every 1ms from the MAXREFDES36# to the IO-Link master.

References

  1. Fieldbus Inc's IEC61158 Technology Comparison study, Slide 58: "Fieldbus Technology Challenges".
  2. IO-Link System Description 2013 by IO-Link Company Community. Page 3, Preface.

Fluke is a registered trademark of Fluke Corp.
IO-Link is a registered trademark of ifm electronic GmbH.
Renesas is a registered trademark and registered service mark of Renesas Electronics Corp.
Tektronix is a registered trademark and registered service mark of Tektronix, Inc.
Windows is a registered trademark and registered service mark of Microsoft Corp.

Quick Start (Use Case 1)

Required Equipment:

Purchased from Maxim:

  • MAXREFDES36# board

User supplied:

  • Windows® PC with a USB port
  • Balluff USB IO-Link master, part number BNI USB-901-000-A501
  • Balluff IO-Link Device Tool (tested with version 2.11.1 and comes with IO-Link master)
  • M12 4-pin or 3-pin IO-Link cable (BCC05MC)

Note: Verify with Balluff that your version of Windows is supported before purchasing their software.

Download, read, and carefully follow each step in the MAXREFDES36# Quick Start Guide.

 
Status:
Package:
Temperature:

MAX17552
60V、100mA、超小尺寸、高效率、 同步降压型DC-DC转换器,空载耗流为22μA

  • 减少外部元器件,降低总体成本
  • 缩减DC-DC稳压器库存清单
  • 降低功耗

MAX31913
八通道、工业数字输入电平转换器/串行器

  • 八个高压输入通道(最高36V)
  • 可配置成IEC 61131-2输入类型1、2、3
  • 7V至36V较宽的工作电压范围

MAX14821
IO-Link收发器

  • 符合IO-Link v.1.0和v.1.1物理层规范
  • 支持COM1、COM2和COM3数据速率
  • IO-Link设备唤醒检测