系统板 5509

OCEANSIDE (MAXREFDES9#):3.3V至15V输入、±15V (±12V)输出、隔离电源



Oceanside (MAXREFDES9#) 3.3V至15V输入、±15V (±12V)输出、隔离电源 放大+

概述

Oceanside设计(MAXREFDES9#)采用升压控制器(MAX668)、36V H桥变压器驱动器(MAX13256)和一对低压差(LDO)线性稳压器(MAX1659 x2)形成±15V (±12V)输出隔离电源,输入电压范围较宽。该通用电源方案可用于众多不同类型的隔离电源应用,但主要目标应用为工业传感器、工业自动化、过程控制和医疗应用

Oceanside子系统设计方框图
图1. Oceanside子系统设计方框图。

特性

应用

  • 隔离电源
  • ±15V (±12V)输出
  • 小尺寸印刷电路板(PCB)
  • Pmod™兼容规格
  • 工业传感器
  • 过程控制
  • 工业自动化
  • 医疗



Introduction

The Oceanside design (MAXREFDES9#) uses a step-up controller (MAX668), a 36V H-bridge transformer driver (MAX13256), and a pair of low dropout (LDO) linear regulators (MAX1659 x2) to create a ±15V (±12V) output isolated power supply from a wide range of input voltages. This general purpose power solution can be used in many different types of isolated power applications, but is mainly targeted for industrial sensors, industrial automation, process control, and medical applications.  
More detailed image
(PDF, 1.8MB)

 

Figure 1. The Oceanside subsystem design block diagram.
Figure 1. The Oceanside subsystem design block diagram.

Features

Applications

  • Isolated power
  • ±15V (±12V) outputs
  • Small printed-circuit board (PCB) area
  • Pmod-compatible form factor
  • Industrial sensors
  • Process control
  • Industrial automation
  • Medical

Detailed Description of Hardware

The Oceanside subsystem reference design operates from a 3.3V to 15V DC power source. The MAX668 high-efficiency step-up controller boosts the input voltage to 16V and connects to the input of the H-bridge transformer driver. The MAX13256 H-bridge transformer driver switches at 425kHz and drives the primary side of the 1:1 turns ratio, with the use of TGMR-501V6LF transformers from Halo® Electronics. The full-wave bridge rectifiers convert the AC outputs of the Halo transformers’ secondary coils into DC outputs. The LDOs regulate the voltages to ±15V. The Zener diodes (D3 and D4) protect the LDOs by keeping their input voltages below 16.5V.

The output current of the H-bridge transformer driver is limited to 300mA by the R5 2.2kΩ resistor, which protects the LDO from overcurrent. The following equation sets the current limit for the H-bridge transformer driver.

R5 (kΩ) = 650/ILIM (mA)

Having a step-up controller before the H-bridge transformer driver gives users the advantage of not needing to change the transformers to get a different turns ratio when a different input supply voltage is applied.

The input power is selectable by JU1. Place the shunt on the 1-2 position to power the board by an external power supply connected to the VIN and GND1 connectors. Place the shunt on the 2-3 position to power the board by the J1 Pmod-compatible connector.

To change the output voltage of this subsystem reference design, simply change the feedback resistors (R7–R10) of the LDOs (U3 and U4), and also change the feedback resistors (R3 and R4) of the step-up controller (U1).

The output voltage of the MAX668 step-up controller is set by the following equation:

VOUT = VSET × (1 + R7/R9) for U3

VOUT = VSET × (1 + R8/R10) for U4 Where

VSET = 1.21V The output voltage of the MAX668 step-up controller is set by the following equation:

VOUT = VSET × (1 + R3/R4) Where VSET = 1.25

For example, for the ±12V output application, change R7 and R8 to 90.9kΩ, and change R9 and R10 to 10.2kΩ. The output of the LDOs becomes ±12V when their inputs (outputs of the transformers and the full-wave bridge rectifiers) are higher than 12V plus the dropout voltage. Next, change R3 to 100kΩ and R4 to 10.5kΩ to set the output of the step-up controller to 13.15V (slightly higher than 12V plus the dropout voltage and two diode voltage drops from the full-wave bridge rectifier). It is important to not set this voltage too much higher than the output of LDOs, because the extra power would be lost in the LDOs and thus efficiency would be lower. In applications that are sensitive to output voltage ripple, a lowpass LC pi filter can be added in front of the LDO input.

The isolation transformer in this design has an isolation voltage of 5000VRMS. It is recognized by UL 60950 and EN 60950 and falls into the "functional" insulation class.

Quick Start

Required equipment:

  • Oceanside (MAXREFDES9#) board
  • 3.3V to 15V power supply
  • Two digital voltmeters

Procedure

The Oceanside board is fully assembled and tested. Follow the steps below to verify board operation.

  1. Place the shunt on jumper JU1 to the 1-2 position.
  2. Connect the positive terminal of the power supply to the VIN connector.
  3. Connect the negative terminal of the power supply to the GND1 connector.
  4. Connect the positive terminal of the first voltmeter to the +15V connector.
  5. Connect the negative terminal of the first voltmeter to the GND2 connector.
  6. Connect the positive terminal of the second voltmeter to the -15V connector.
  7. Connect the negative terminal of the second voltmeter to the GND2 connector.
  8. Turn on the power supply.
  9. Use the respective voltmeters to measure the corresponding positive and negative output voltages.

Lab Measurements

The Oceanside design was tested with two pairs of output voltage rails: ±15V and ±12V. Other voltage rails can be achieved by modifying the resistor value ratios of R3/R4, R7/R9, and R8/R10. Equal loads on both rails were used when testing the Oceanside design. Table 1 shows the maximum load for various setups. The maximum load is recorded when the output voltage drops to 1% less than the designed output voltage. The power efficiency (as shown in Figures 2 to 8) is calculated with the sum of the output power on both rails divided by the input power.

For asymmetrical load applications, the maximum load can be larger for one rail and less for the other rail. To achieve a larger maximum load, the user can increase the output voltage of the step-up controller, but the efficiency will decrease due to the higher voltage drop across the LDO.

Table 1. Maximum Load for Test Setups

Input Voltage (V) Output Rail (V) Maximum Load (Equal Loads Applied to Both Rails) (mA) Efficiency at Maximum Load (%)
3.3 ±15 65 78
5 ±15 70 79
12 ±15 85 83
15 ±15 90 86
3.3 ±12 75 77
5 ±12 80 78
12 ±12 100 83

Figure 2. Power efficiency vs. current load for a 3.3V input to a ±15V output.

Figure 3. Power efficiency vs. current load for a 5V input to a ±15V output.

Figure 4. Power efficiency vs. current load for a 12V input to a ±15V output.

Figure 5. Power efficiency vs. current load for a 15V input to a ±15V output.

Figure 6. Power efficiency vs. current load for a 3.3V input to a ±12V output.

Figure 7. Power efficiency vs. current load for a 5V input to a ±12V output.

Figure 8. Power efficiency vs. current load for a 12V input to ±12V output.

The output noise is well below 0.5% of the output voltages. The noise is mainly caused by the switching pulses of the MAX13256. Figures 9 to 16 show the scope shots of the noise for various setups. The noises on the negative rails are identical to those on the positive rails for symmetrical load applications.


Figure 9. Noise for VIN = 3.3V, VOUT = 15V, IOUT = 0mA.

Figure 10. Noise for VIN = 3.3V, VOUT = 15V, IOUT = 65mA = maximum load.

Figure 11. Noise for VIN = 15V, VOUT = 15V, IOUT = 0mA.

Figure 12. Noise for VIN = 15V, VOUT = 15V, IOUT = 90mA = maximum load.

Figure 13. Noise for VIN = 3.3V, VOUT = 12V, IOUT = 0mA.

Figure 14. Noise for VIN = 3.3V, VOUT = 12V, IOUT = 75mA = maximum load.

Figure 15. Noise for VIN = 12V, VOUT = 12V, IOUT = 0mA.

Figure 16. Noise for VIN = 12V, VOUT = 12V, IOUT = 100mA = maximum load.
 
Status:
Package:
Temperature:

MAX13256
36V H桥变压器驱动器,用于隔离电源设计

  • 简单灵活的设计
  • 集成系统保护
  • 节省电路板空间

MAX668
1.8V至28V输入、PWM升压型控制器,µMAX封装

  • 1.8V最小启动电压(MAX669)
  • 宽输入电压范围:1.8V至28V
  • 小尺寸10引脚µMAX封装

MAX1659
350mA、16.5V输入、低压差线性稳压器

  • Wide Input Voltage Range: 2.7V to 16.5V
  • Low, 490mV Dropout at 350mA Output Current (MAX1659)
  • 30µA Supply Current