Below is a list that describes what each conversion on the calculator means.
- A unit of relative amplitude defined on a logarithmic scale. For voltage values, dB is given by 20log(VA
). For power, it is 10log(PA
). When dB is referenced to a carrier signal, it is termed dBc; likewise, dB referenced to 1mW is termed dBm. For dBm, the load resistance must be known for the specification to determine the voltage or current equivalence (that is, 1mW into 50Ω).
- When an analog signal is digitized, it is represented by a finite number of discrete voltage levels. The resolution is the number of discrete levels that are used to represent the signal. To more accurately replicate the analog signal, the resolution must be increased. Resolution is usually defined in bits. Using converters with higher resolutions will reduce the quantization error.
root mean square (RMS)
- The effective value or effective DC value that an AC signal represents. For a sine wave, the RMS value is 0.707 times the peak value, or 0.354 times the peak-to-peak value.
spurious-free dynamic range (SFDR).
signal-to-noise ratio (SNR)
- The RMS value of the sine wave fIN
(input sine wave for an ADC, reconstructed output sine wave for a DAC) to the RMS value of the noise of the converter from DC to Nyquist frequency, excluding noise at DC and harmonic distortion content. It is typically expressed in decibels. See also
root mean square (RMS).
The ideal theoretical minimum conversion noise is caused by quantization noise error only and results directly from the data converters resolution.(N): SNR = (6.02N +1.76)dB
total harmonic distortion (THD)
- The RMS value of the distortion appearing at multiples (harmonics) of the input (or output for a DAC) frequency to the RMS value of the input (or output) sine wave. Only harmonics within the Nyquist limit are included in the measurement. It is typically expressed in decibels:
are harmonics to the fundamental V1